religion big outline

religion big outline - Richard GC Bowman Religions of China...

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Richard GC Bowman Religions of China in Practice I. Introduction: The Spirits of Chinese Religion A. The Trinitarian Idea 1. Sanjiao: The logic of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism 2. Li Shiqian (6 th century scholar) suggests that they remain separate from each other, but also coexist as equally indispensable phenomena of the unnatural world. II. Confucianism A. Established by Kong Qui B. From the Confucianism Movie 1. Confucius was born in the village of Zou in the country of Lu in 551 B.C. 2. a poor descendant of a deposed noble family. 3. his father left his family in poverty 4. Played with cauldrons and other sacrificial “toys” by himself as a child 5. anti-social and ugly 6. He was married at the age of 19 and had one son and two daughters C. His goals 1. was to seek revival of the ideas and institutions of the past Golden Age 2. Publicize knowledge of the rites 3. Inspire worldwide performance of rituals 4. Could only work if the country was ran by inspired rulers D. His Values he demanded from Society (1) Benevolence towards others (2) General sense of doing what is right 1
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(3) Loyalty and diligence in serving one’s superiors (4) Universal Morality b) Primary Basis of Confucianism (1) Ren (Benevolence/Virtue) (a) Benevolence= Do not impose upon others what you yourself do not want, and you will not incur personal or political ill will. (b) Virtue=ren is the summation of human virtues that li flows from (c) Use the golden Rule to make decisions (2) Li ( rituals) vary considering age, social status, gender and context (a) Flows from Ren (b) Propriety->rituals->Virtue (c) Mourning rituals: depends on the persons relationship to the deceased (d) International Affairs: degrees of pomp are measured by the opulence of gifts and depend on the rank of the foreign emissary. (e) Offerings to gods: types of sacrifices from certain social classes are ranked according to the class of deities; allowed only to certain ranks in the society E. His Contributions to society (1) he wanted to restore the Mandate of Heaven (2) transmitted specific rituals (3) values (4) hierarchal structure of personal and governmental morality (5) the weight of the past is to be eradicated 2
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F. His Followers: Mengzi and Xunzi 1. Both were scholars that used Confucian style governments 2. Mengzi’s doctrines: a) offered a program for perfecting the individual b) Sageliness could be achieved through cultivating the natural tendencies toward the superior. 3. Xunzi’s doctrines: a) To make a society civilized people have to restrain their basic instincts of behavior and conform to a system of rituals that will later on start the construction of a social institution G. 1 st example of the Spread of Confucianism 1. Wujing: the five scriptures that were recorded by Confucian scholars and were followed with the Zuo Commentary 2. Shijing: the classics of Poetry 3. Shujing: the Classics of History 4. Yijing: The Classics of Changes 5. Liji: Record of Rites 6. Chunqui: Chronicles of the Spring and Autumn Period
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course REL 333 taught by Professor Dnschmid during the Spring '07 term at N.C. State.

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religion big outline - Richard GC Bowman Religions of China...

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