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Government has a carrot and stick approach: incentive and finesHarold Lasswell "Who (the public) gets What (public policies and benefits), When and How (distribution of benefits)"Founders worried about mob-acracy, electoral college founded—majority rules and minority right (democracy)Political ScienceEmpirical: quantitative analysis, behaviorists "How is the world"Normative: qualitative, how the world ought to be, "How should the world be"Political Efficacy: public belief that they influence the governmentPolitical Knowledge: accumulation of info and experience of political processes (ex participation/citizenship)Political Culture: broadly shared beliefs/values/attitudes about how govt should functionGaps and contradictions: if poor/Anglo vs poor/black: conservative and feminists agree porn should be outlawed: prolife on abortion vs pro death on death penalty (vice versa)Conservatives: limited govt, distrust of govt, trust on social issueLiberals: trust govt on economic issues, distrust on social issuesPopulists: trust all around vs. Libertarians: distrust all aroundTexas Political CultureDaniel Elazar came up with 3 subculture types: Moralistic: protect public good/limit gov: Traditionalistic: elites and to preserve social order:Individualistic: promote role of individualDavy Crockett (Alamo)- adds to TX rugged individualism (importance of survival)oTX is a traditionalistic/individualistic/provincialism(low taxes, low services)oJoseph Schumpeter's "Creative Destruction"- new entrepreneurs challenge economic leaders (cattle, cotton, oil)NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement- creates compact between Canada/US/ Mexico- support focuses on GDP, distrust on balance of free tradeTexas EconomyTX has ranked top 10 to top 20 for GSP (gross state product), which is most comparable to CanadaSocial Capital: horizontal/vertical association between people/institutions effect productivity andwell being
oRober Putnam-"Bowling Alone"- bowling alone voters harm in the long run, stuck in "virtual reality helmetsTexas DemographyMajority of Texans live in rural areasDACA (deferred action for childhood arrivals)- divides republicans on immigration Trump is doing what Obama did, turned to Congress and said figure it out, 8-14% are foreign born in populationPublic OpinionAggregate collective preference from people on issues, policies, individuals/institutionsHow do you identify? Race, gender, ethnicitySocialization::Primary InfluencesPrimacy: first influential things that still influence you (family)Persistence: things you learn early in life stay with you (family, church, school, authority (milligram experiment-are we inherently evil): Secondary InfluencePeers (voter shaming)