Political Science Exam 1 Notes Review.docx - Government has...

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Government has a carrot and stick approach: incentive and fines Harold Lasswell "Who (the public) gets What (public policies and benefits), When and How (distribution of benefits)" Founders worried about mob-acracy, electoral college founded—majority rules and minority right (democracy) Political Science Empirical: quantitative analysis, behaviorists "How is the world" Normative: qualitative, how the world ought to be, "How should the world be" Political Efficacy: public belief that they influence the government Political Knowledge: accumulation of info and experience of political processes (ex participation/citizenship) Political Culture : broadly shared beliefs/values/attitudes about how govt should function Gaps and contradictions: if poor/Anglo vs poor/black : conservative and feminists agree porn should be outlawed : prolife on abortion vs pro death on death penalty (vice versa) Conservatives: limited govt, distrust of govt, trust on social issue Liberals: trust govt on economic issues, distrust on social issues Populists: trust all around vs. Libertarians: distrust all around Texas Political Culture Daniel Elazar came up with 3 subculture types: Moralistic: protect public good/limit gov : Traditionalistic: elites and to preserve social order :Individualistic: promote role of individual Davy Crockett (Alamo)- adds to TX rugged individualism (importance of survival) o TX is a traditionalistic/individualistic/provincialism(low taxes, low services) o Joseph Schumpeter's "Creative Destruction"- new entrepreneurs challenge economic leaders (cattle, cotton, oil) NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement- creates compact between Canada/US/ Mexico- support focuses on GDP, distrust on balance of free trade Texas Economy TX has ranked top 10 to top 20 for GSP (gross state product), which is most comparable to Canada Social Capital: horizontal/vertical association between people/institutions effect productivity and well being
o Rober Putnam-"Bowling Alone"- bowling alone voters harm in the long run, stuck in "virtual reality helmets Texas Demography Majority of Texans live in rural areas DACA (deferred action for childhood arrivals)- divides republicans on immigration Trump is doing what Obama did, turned to Congress and said figure it out, 8-14% are foreign born in population Public Opinion Aggregate collective preference from people on issues, policies, individuals/institutions How do you identify? Race, gender, ethnicity Socialization: :Primary Influences Primacy: first influential things that still influence you (family) Persistence: things you learn early in life stay with you (family, church, school, authority (milligram experiment-are we inherently evil) : Secondary Influence Peers (voter shaming)

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