PSCI 2305 001 Exam 1 ReviewExam Date: February 22, 2018Chapter 1: American Political CultureWhat is government? -institutions that create and enforce public policies, US citizens are
What is a social contract? Citizens give up freedoms to central authority, govt protects
What are consequences of breaking the social contract?
What are some examples? -defense, streets, airWhat are the functions of government? -defense against foreigner, protection from
Why is freeridinga problem?
Types of Government:Monarchy- ruled by one person by divine rightAristocracy- ruled by a group of rich and good stationOligarchy- Democracy (Direct Democracy and Representative Democracy)-ordinary people are the govt and make all laws themselves, -from of indirect, people choose representativesFeatures of Our System of Government:Plurality Rule-Constitutional vs. Non-Constitutional Democracy- relies on formal document to define role of govt vs. -gvt doesn’t have single document to define rolePresidential System vs. Parliamentary System -head of govt is determined by election, separate form legislative vs. -head of govt is selected by majority party in legislationPolitical Culture:Political culture- shared values and beliefs toward the political system and role as participants