Study Guide-for exam 4 HDF 313

Study Guide-for exam 4 HDF 313 - STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 4...

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STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 4 Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence: Ch. 13, lectures 4/19 Concepts: Physical : Puberty : the period during which a child changes from a sexually immature person to one who is capable of reproduction. Menarche : onset of menstruation…12 to 13 years old Spermarche: the first ejaculation of mobile sperm Pituitary Gland : at the base of the brain referred to as the master gland…affected by hormones from the hypothalamus which turn the gland on and off. Hypothalamus: part of the brain that regulates many body functions and the pituitary gland through releasing factors. Gonad: The sex glands, testes in men…ovaries in women Secondary sex characteristics : Physical features that differentiate adult males from adult females but are not directly involved in reproduction. Cognitive : Formal operations: In Piaget’s theory, a set of principles of formal logic on which the cognitive advances of adolescence are based. Hypothetical-deductive reasoning: The ability to think of hypothetical solutions to a problem and to formulate a systematic plan for deducing which of these solutions is correct. Selective attention: Focusing attention on relevant info despite distractions Divided attention : Paying attention to two tasks at the same time Metamemory: Automatization: The tendency for basic cognitive processes to become less effortful and more automatic with practice. Adolescent egocentrism : Teenagers assumption that they are the focus of everyone’s attention and that their experiences, thoughts, and feelings are unique Imaginary audience: Teenagers unjustified concern that they are the focus of others’ attention Personal fable : Teenagers exaggerated belief in their own uniqueness…no one has ever had the same thoughts or feelings Moral realism : In Piaget’s theory, the stage in which children treat morality as absolute and moral constraints as unalterable Autonomous morality : In Piaget’s theory, the stage in which children see morality as relative to the situation Preconventional morality: Kohlberg’s theory, moral reasoning based on fear of punishment or desire for reward Conventional morality: Kohlberg’s theory, moral reasoning based on opinions of others or formal laws. Postconventional or principled morality: Kohlberg, moral reasoning based on abstract principles underlying right and wrong Questions: Physical: o Know about the basic biological changes that take place during adolescence (Besides the terms above, read text sections on puberty norms & individual differences, changes in appearance at puberty, and impacts 1
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of pubertal changes) . Girls generally begin puberty before boys
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course HDF 304 taught by Professor Gray during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Study Guide-for exam 4 HDF 313 - STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 4...

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