Psychology_notes exam 2.docx

Psychology_notes exam 2.docx - Chapter 6 Conditioning...

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Chapter 6 Conditioning Pavlovian experiment with dog worked so well. Dogs mouth salivates with smell of o f food. He took a neutral stimulus – the bell – and paired with unconditioned stimulus – meat powder – he did this repeatedly. When he had meat powder, dogs salivated – unconditioned response. Ex) The heat is unconditioned stimulus, the door bell, the door, the door bell is the neutral stimulus that becomes the conditioned stimulus Unconditioned stimulus – door slamming Unconditioned or conditioned response – flinch. neautral stimulus and conditioned stimulus – goodbye Primary reinforcers- food, water, sex; satisfies biological needs Positive reinforcement – adding something that increases likelihood Negative reinforcement – taking something away in order to increase likelihood of response Positive punishment – we are adding something in order to decrease likelihood of response Negative punishment – taking away something in order to decrease likelihood of response Memory Info comes and is stored in short term memory Explicit memory – episodes we experience or facts that we experience or facts that’s we learn Learning to read, or language Use encoding in effortful purpose Implicit memories – Are memories that are impossible to explain, but they involve skills, that we have learned Encoded using automatic processing Echoic Memories- An auditory processing memory. We remember auditory simulations and are stored in minds echo chamber for 3-4 seconds Attribution theory – we have tendency to a attribute certain thoughts/behaviors to certain people. We have tendency to judge people on internal characteristics whether we know them or don’t. internal characteristics are called dispositional factors.
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Fundamental attribution error – when we overestimate internal factors and underestimate external factors Self serving bias error- when we want to make ourselves feel better. Blame failure on external things and successes on yourself. Why we forget things -amnetia antergrade amnesia – cannot process new memories retrograde amnesia – you don’t remember past memories CH 16: Prejudice Really all you need to know Ch 16, 11 and 5, all your responsible for is what we covered in class Scapegoating is when we blame one person or one race for all of our problems o Unemployed people blame Mexican immigrants o Hitler blames jews How do we get attracted to people?
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