PUBH6033_Wk1_Wk2_Article_Cardoso2017_SPRING2018.pdf

PUBH6033_Wk1_Wk2_Article_Cardoso2017_SPRING2018.pdf - AJPH...

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Violence Against Women and Household Ownership of Radios, Computers, and Phones in 20 Countries Lauren F. Cardoso, MS, and Susan B. Sorenson, PhD Objectives. To examine the relationship between household ownership of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and justi fi cations for wife beating. Methods. Women aged 15 to 49 years in 20 countries were surveyed via UNICEF s Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys between 2006 and 2014. Multivariate logistic re- gressions accounted for individual-, household-, and structural-level variables. Results. Household ownership of any ICT (radio, computer, fi xed phone, or mobile phone but not television) was associated with increased odds of women rejecting wife beating. The largest association was with computer ownership: women in homes with a computer were more likely to reject wife beating (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.81; 97.5% con fi dence interval [CI] = 1.69, 1.93). Number of ICTs was important: women in households with 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 ICTs (vs 0) were more likely to reject wife-beating justi fi cations (AOR = 1.10 [97.5% CI = 1.03, 1.17]; AOR = 1.10 [97.5% CI = 1.03, 1.18]; AOR = 1.19 [97.5% CI = 1.11, 1.29]; AOR = 1.71 [97.5% CI = 1.54, 1.88]; and AOR = 2.85 [97.5% CI = 2.48, 3.26]; respectively). Conclusions. Independent of household wealth, country development, and other soci- odemographic factors, the more ICTs in a household, the more likely that women will reject wife-beating justi fi cations. Policymakers and program planners should consider potential implicationsofICTaccessrelatingtointimatepartner violence.( AmJPublicHealth. 2017;107: 1175 1181. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303808) H armful gender norms, such as the ac- ceptance of wife beating, are associated with negative outcomes for women. Such norms for instance, the acceptance of wife beating to punish women who have deviated from traditional gender roles, neglected household responsibilities, or refused sex are widespread. 1 And such attitudes appear to be linked to behavior: women s permissive attitudes toward wife beating predicted the actual experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) in 13 of 15 research sites in a World Health Organization multicountry study. 2 Acknowledging the role of norms in the perpetration of violence against women, several global action plans call for the prior- itization of norm change interventions. 3,4 With varying levels of success, organizations have implemented awareness-raising cam- paigns, 5 edutainment programs, 6 and community-based trainings 7 globally to transform inequitable gender norms to reduce violence against women. These focused in- terventions coexist with other, sometimes unexamined, in uences including the rapid expansion of information and communica- tion technologies (ICTs), which is driving social change in multiple ways. Information and communication tech- nologies help reduce poverty, 8 increase do- mestic productivity, 9 improve governance, 10 strengthen public service delivery, 10 and boost economic growth.
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  • Fall '17
  • Edward Irobi

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