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Shayegan Review for MidtermHow do we distinguish between sources for the Arsacid empire? What type of sources did we have? Two big categories of sources:Arsacid sources, and Greeko-Latin sources - these are the two big categoriesNow the Arsacid sources, have different categores:1. Inscriptions2. Babylonian Astronomical texts3. Iconography, Statues,4. Economic Sources which is: deeds of sale, property, orders of wine.--- All of these are called Parthian parchments and Papyrus/\Shayegan wants us to know the names of these as well as well-- So these are the inscriptions: Their are two that he named: 1. The inscription of King Volegases. 2. The Inscription of the Satrap Courts** Inscription of Husak. This is the first great category of the arsacid sources. Arsacid Ostraka? what are they? They are receipts related to the administration of the empire in Nisa* the first capital. These are usually wine delivery goods. -- What to these tell us? In detail? If shayegan asks what information is to be extracted from the receipts of wine? answer: They really like wine. These receipts have information on them on the officials who would receive the wine. And it also gave info on the royal infrastracture-- the infrastructure of the courts.So shayegan is now going back on what we reviewed so far:Their are two types of categories of sources. This will forsure be on the exam The Arsacid Sources.encompassing inscriptionsShayegan would like to know the 2 examples that he provided:Arsacid Ostraka... What are they?Greek and Parthian Papyrus... What are they?Deeds of Sale... as was mentionedMost importantly.. we also mentioned the babylonian diaries. Which is the source that we have been using.
What are the Babylonian diaries? they are astronomical texts. What do they say? They provide information about historical events. an other events happening in locations *Then, we also know aramaic inscriptionsShayegan also accepts as answers: Iconography of beliefs and the signs of coins*Iconography of beliefs are usually the artisitic motifsThe BIG second category: Greeko Latin sources... What are those? and how do they distinguish themselves from the first category?answer: These ones are historical narratives. the other sources are also historical narratives, but these ones here are different because they provide cives about continuesnarratives about events passed. where as most of the sources that we have from the arscaid sources, the other ones, are small windows into events of the past and dont allow us to basically create a "grand" narrative about what happened. So without the greeko latin sources that gives a continues narrative, we would not be able to reconstruct the history of the parthian empire. For examples of Greeko Latin sources that we have been using: 1. Pompeyus Trogus - in Justin2. polybius- giving information about late Seleucid and early Arsacid3. strabo4. arianus- otherwise known as ArianWhat is the main work of Pompeyus Trogus?