Voltaire - Franois-Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire,...

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François-Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire, a philosopher from the European Enlightenment that uses a literary technique called satire to comment and criticize the European humanity, or barbarism and its institutions during that time period. He adopts a critical attitude and presents Candide: Or, The Optimist with wit and humor to lighten the mood of a serious flaw that he sees happening during the time period. One of the main targets of Voltaire’s satire in Candide: Or, The Optimist, is optimism. Voltaire's primary purpose in writing Candide: Or, The Optimist was to demolish the theory of Optimism and to do so, he continually mocked the voice and motto of Candide’s friend and philosopher Pangloss, who always said that, “this was the best of all possible worlds.” ( ) To show how the optimism of the enlightenment was untrue and false, Volatire uses real historical occurrences in exaggerated terms. Volatire begins his tale with Candide seeing everything as “the best of all possible things” ( ) and ends the novel with Candide seeing the world with a more true vision, seeing the world as it truly is, instead of through the flawed optimism brought on by the philosophers of the European enlightenment. In the start of the novel, Voltaire creates a
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course HIST 140 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Voltaire - Franois-Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire,...

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