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Chapter 10Integrated Circuit Biasingand Active Loads1
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Objective•Analyze and understand the characteristics of various bipolar circuitsused to provide a constant output current.•Analyze and understand the characteristics of various MOSFET (and a few JFET)circuits used to provide a tttttconstant output current.•Analyze the dc characteristics of amplifier circuits using transistors as load devices (active loads)).•Analyze the small-signal characteristicsof amplifier circuits with active loads.•Design an NMOS current sourcecircuit to provide a specified bias current and output resistance. 2→For Integrated Circuit (IC) Design