PSY 352 Chapter 2 Class Notes- Personality Assessment Measurement and Research Design.docx

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PSY 352: Personality PsychologyLecture Outline #2: Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research DesignPart 1: Four Types of Personality DataActivity – I am ______________ (20x)-Do the answers reveal personality?-When people mention relationships they usually come from marriages that are well adjusted and stable-How could we go about learning about someone’s personality?1.Self-report data (S-data): Ask persons about themselves (20 statements test)-Open ended questions, true/false, adjective checklistsLikert scale: Range of numbers that represent answers (ex. How creative are you? 7 number scale)Strengths of S-data: Access to info that others don’t have (ex. Anxiety, self-esteem, goals), easy to measureWeaknesses of S-data: Do people have accurate self-knowledge? Will people be honest?Social desirability: Tendency for people to answer in attractive/likeable ways, Lying/distorted self-perception Getting around social desirability: -If you think social desirability is a bias to be filtered from data: Statistically control for it (ex. Crowne-marlowe scale), -Use forced-choice questionnaire (no SD involved), -Or maybe its not something to be filtered at all? Component of happiness and mental health?2. Observer-report data (O-data): Ask someone else about another personStrengths of O-data: Access to info not available to person (ex. Reputation, social perceptions),

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