Immigration: a Global PhenomenonPush factors- economic difficulties, religious/ethnic persecution, and political unrestPull factors- perception of a better life, desire to join a community of their fellow nations alreadyestablished abroad. Chain Migration- an immigrants who sponsors several other immigrants, who, on their arrival, maysponsor still morePatterns of immigration to the US1)The number of immigrants has fluctuated dramatically over time largely because of government policy changes2)Settlement has not been uniform throughout the country but centered in certain regions and cities3)The source of immigrants has changed over timeOpinion polls in the US from 1999 through 2011 have never shown more than 18 percent of the public infavor of more immigrants, and usually about 43-50 want less.Today’s foreign born population About 12-13 percent of the nation’s people are foreign born. By comparison, this is high but not unusual.Canadas is at nineteen and Australia is at twenty fiveHighest was 15 percent in 1890s low in 1970s at 4.7.Immigrants most settle in Cali, NY, Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Illinois. Usually in big citiesEarly immigration The Spanish found st Augustine in 1565 and the English found Jamestown in 1607. In the beginning the US encouraged immigration.About 35 percent of all immigrants to the US eventually emigrate back to their home countryThe relative absence of federal legislation from 1790 to 1881 does not mean that all new arrivals were welcomed. Xenophobia-the fear of strangers or foreigners Nativism-beliefs and policies favoring native born citizens over immigrantsAnti Chinese Movement (pg 123-26)From 1851-6 more than 200,000 chinese came to the US. Lured by the discovery of gold and job openings in the west. Overcrding, drought, and warfare in china also encouraged them to move. In the 1860s railroad work provided demand.
Sinophobe-fear of anything associated with china. The National Origin systemBeginning in 1992 there were measures to enact a new immigration policy. The measures were drawn upto block the growing immigration from Southern Europe and also were drawn to block all Asian immigrants by establishing a zero quota for them. Quota was deliberately weighted towards immigrationfrom northern Europe. Not very much restrictions on immigration from western hemisphere (Mexico, Canada ct). The quota was set at 3 percent of the number of people descended from each nationality recorded in the `1920 census. Almost 70 percent of the quota for the eastern hemisphere went to Great Britain, Ireland and Germany. By the end of the 20s the annual immigration had dropped to one fourth of its pre-world war 1 level. The 1965 Immigration and nationality actThe national origin system, was abandoned with the passage of the 1965 immigration and nationality act. The primary goal was to reunite families and to protect the American labor market. It initiated restrictions on immigrations from Latin America. Immigration increased by 1/3 but the acts influence wasprimarily on the composition rather than the size of immigration. The sources of immigrants now