MGR test 2 notes.docx - Immigration a Global Phenomenon Push factors economic difficulties religious\/ethnic persecution and political unrest Pull

MGR test 2 notes.docx - Immigration a Global Phenomenon...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 14 pages.

Immigration: a Global Phenomenon Push factors- economic difficulties, religious/ethnic persecution, and political unrest Pull factors- perception of a better life, desire to join a community of their fellow nations already established abroad. Chain Migration- an immigrants who sponsors several other immigrants, who, on their arrival, may sponsor still more Patterns of immigration to the US 1) The number of immigrants has fluctuated dramatically over time largely because of government policy changes 2) Settlement has not been uniform throughout the country but centered in certain regions and cities 3) The source of immigrants has changed over time Opinion polls in the US from 1999 through 2011 have never shown more than 18 percent of the public in favor of more immigrants, and usually about 43-50 want less. Today’s foreign born population About 12-13 percent of the nation’s people are foreign born. By comparison, this is high but not unusual. Canadas is at nineteen and Australia is at twenty five Highest was 15 percent in 1890s low in 1970s at 4.7. Immigrants most settle in Cali, NY, Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Illinois. Usually in big cities Early immigration The Spanish found st Augustine in 1565 and the English found Jamestown in 1607. In the beginning the US encouraged immigration. About 35 percent of all immigrants to the US eventually emigrate back to their home country The relative absence of federal legislation from 1790 to 1881 does not mean that all new arrivals were welcomed. Xenophobia-the fear of strangers or foreigners Nativism- beliefs and policies favoring native born citizens over immigrants Anti Chinese Movement (pg 123-26) From 1851-6 more than 200,000 chinese came to the US. Lured by the discovery of gold and job openings in the west. Overcrding, drought, and warfare in china also encouraged them to move. In the 1860s railroad work provided demand.
Sinophobe-fear of anything associated with china. The National Origin system Beginning in 1992 there were measures to enact a new immigration policy. The measures were drawn up to block the growing immigration from Southern Europe and also were drawn to block all Asian immigrants by establishing a zero quota for them. Quota was deliberately weighted towards immigration from northern Europe. Not very much restrictions on immigration from western hemisphere (Mexico, Canada ct). The quota was set at 3 percent of the number of people descended from each nationality recorded in the `1920 census. Almost 70 percent of the quota for the eastern hemisphere went to Great Britain, Ireland and Germany. By the end of the 20s the annual immigration had dropped to one fourth of its pre-world war 1 level. The 1965 Immigration and nationality act The national origin system, was abandoned with the passage of the 1965 immigration and nationality act. The primary goal was to reunite families and to protect the American labor market. It initiated restrictions on immigrations from Latin America. Immigration increased by 1/3 but the acts influence was primarily on the composition rather than the size of immigration. The sources of immigrants now

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture