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Work teams todayCurrent increase in organizations’ use of work teams to:Achieve strategic objectivesProduce goods and servicesDesign new productsSolve organizational problemsLead organizationsTeams are used across all industries and global organizationsSex effects in mixed sex teamsDefinition: When men’s and women’s behavior in teams or experiences as team members differIn mixed-sex teams:Sex is a distinguishing factor between othersInfluences interactionsInfluences the evaluation of behaviorsDimensions of communication styles and behavior (104-105)Communication styleSelf-assertion and dominance (male associated)Deference and warmth (female associated)Behavior typesoTask behaviors- contribute directly to the groups taskMales devote a somewhat higher percentage of communications to task behavioroSocial behaviors-maintain morale and interpersonal relations among team membersWomen display a higher percentage of positive social behaviors
Evaluation of Task Contributions and Group InfluenceMen Have more positive evaluations of their task contributions Tend to have more influence in mixed-sex teams Are more likely to become informal leadersWomenWomen:Tend to devalue their own performancesAre judged on a higher standardReceive less social support from team members when recognized as better performersAre more influenced than menIncreasing Evaluations of InfluenceFemale behaviorsConfidence, assertivenessReceive less feedback, makes a woman less influential, especially among male team membersIncreases influence among other womenViewed as less likeable than male counterpartAssertiveness combined with “friendly, nice” behaviorsDemonstrates a desire to help the entire groupCombination not required of menSex Similarity EffectsHow does team composition affect women’s and men’s experiences as team members?Factors to consider:
If the individual’s sex in the group is a minorityWomen vs. men in the minorityExact number of each sex within the groupFour Major Work Groups (Two Extremes: Uniform and Balanced groupsUniform groupsoAll males or all females (no sex issues)Balanced groupsoApproximately equal numbers of women and menSkewed group have a ratio of one sex to another ranging from about 85:15 to almost 100:0. Members of the sex in abundance in skewed groups are called “dominants” because they control the group and its culture. Members of the other sex are called “tokens” because they are viewed as representatives of their sex rather than as individuals.