session 15 - Porta triumphalis triumphus: a lustral ritual...

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Unformatted text preview: Porta triumphalis triumphus: a lustral ritual Signet ring, boston hippocamps 28-27 b.c.: Beginning of the principate (rule of the princeps) octavian is given the name augustus First settlement: augustus receives multiple provinces, including Gaul, Spain, and egypt augustus receives the clipeus (clupeus) virtutis ("shield of virtue") from the senate: savior of the republic! S p q r: Senatus Populusque Romanus (the granting Authorities) Virtus, clementia, justitia, pietas Arles, france: roman replica of the clipeus virtutis Corona civica Ob civis servatos: "because the citizens were saved" "House of livia" Temple of cybele (magna mater) House of augustus Temple of apollo Apollo & diana with Baitylos (betyl) Tripod of delphi Apollo (Augustus?) vs. hercules (antony?) Apolline symbolism: tripod / python (Delphi) swan Apollo's tree: Laurel (bay) coin of 15 b.c. House of augustus Swan & uraeus narbonensis achaea baetica Senatorial provinces: asia, africa, achaea, baetica, gallia narbonensis Imperial provinces: all others (led by legates) Egypt: special imperial province. no senators allowed entry. Governed by equites The roman army under augustus 28 standing legions (about 5500 infantrymen each). 27 of them in imperial provinces. Additional auxiliaries (non-citizens from the provinces and beyond, often cavalry and archers). These were irregular forces under augustus; later regularized, but always highly mobile Praetorian guard: elite, hand-picked imperial bodyguard of nine cohorts (1000 men each). Three cohorts on duty in rome. Now a volunteer, career-oriented army. Typical commission: 20 continuous years of service. Ancyra (ankara, turkey): temple of rome and augustus (ca. 25 b.c.) Imperial cult pola (pula, croatia): temple of rome and augustus (after 2 b.c.) Augustales: priests of augustus (usually freedmen) Lares: spirits of a household or place Genius augusti: spirit of augustus augustus livia marcus vipsanius agrippa Maison carre (nimes, france): 19-16 b.c. pantheon Stagnum agrippae Baths of agrippa Bridge of agrippa, Villa of the farnesina Major events of the early augustan period 20 b.c.: parthia is subdued; crassus' standards (lost in 53 b.c.) are returned 19 b.c.: agrippa defeats the cantabrians in spain 18 b.c.: augustus' moral legislation (a series of leges juliae) aimed at the aristocracy: laws against excessive spending for luxuries (sumptuary law); against adultery; favoring the production of children 17 b.c.: the secular games (from saeculum, "age," "long time," "century": compare spanish siglo)--ushering in a new age of happiness Coin of 17 b.c. celebrating secular games Augustus of prima porta Horologium augusti Gnomon: piazza montecitorio Ara pacis augustae (13-9 b.c.) ...
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