Biol 1011K ecore study outline.docx - Nn Unit 1 1...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 10 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Biology
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 34 / Exercise 8
Biology
Martin/Solomon
Expert Verified
Nn/ Unit 1 1. Properties of Life a. Order – made up of cells b. Respond to stimuli c. Reproduce d. Adapt to the environment e. Grow & develop f. Homeostasis – regulate internal body conditions g. Process energy: autotrophs & heterotrophs 2. Levels of organization of living things a. Atom b. Molecule c. Macromolecule (also called organic molecule) d. Organelle e. Cell: prokaryote & eukaryote f. Tissue g. Organ h. Organ system i. Organism 3. Diversity of life Evolution causes diversity to occur Carl Linnaeus – organized known species into taxonomic hierarchy Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species Domains: Eukarya, Archaea, Bacteria 4. Process of Science and Nature of Science Scientific Theory – generally accepted supported hypotheses Scientific Laws – mathematical formulas that describe behaviors of things like Elements Natural Sciences – includes life sciences & physical sciences Scientific inquiry a. Inductive reasoning – use observations to arrive at a conclusion b. Deductive reasoning – uses a law (something that is accepted) to predict results c. Descriptive science d. Hypothesis-based science Francis Bacon – father of the scientific method a. Variable b. Control c. Observe, question, hypothesis, predict, experiment, results, conclusion, repeat
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Biology
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 34 / Exercise 8
Biology
Martin/Solomon
Expert Verified
d. Basic and applied science e. Peer-reviewed articles Unit 2 – Chemistry 1. Building blocks of molecules a. Matter b. Elements c. Atoms: protons, electrons, neutrons d. Atomic number – number of protons in an atom e. Mass number (atomic mass) – number of protons and neutrons in an atom f. Periodic Table of Elements g. Isotopes – same element but different numbers of neutrons 2. Chemical bonds a. Octet rule b. Anions & cations c. Ionic bonds – electrons are transferred d. Covalent bonds – electrons are shared i. Nonpolar covalent bonds ii. Polar covalent bonds e. Hydrogen bonds f. van der Waals interactions 3. Water a. Hydrophilic b. Hydrophobic c. Temperature d. Evaporation e. Solvent f. Cohesion & adhesion g. Surface tension 4. Buffers & pH a. Acids & bases b. pH scale 5. Biological molecules a. Macromolecules (organic molecules) b. Carbon Carbohydrates - Monosaccharides - Disaccharides - Polysaccharides: glycogen, cellulose, starch Lipids - Hydrophobic - Steroids, fats, oils
- Glycerol with fatty acid chains - Saturated fatty acids - Unsaturated fatty acids - Trans-fat - Phospholipids Proteins - Enzymes, hormones, structural, contractile, regulatory (act as channels to let things into or out of cells) - Denature - Amino acids (20 different types) - Polypeptide - Primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary - The hemoglobin example (sickle cell anemia) Nucleic Acids - DNA, RNA - Nucleotides (base, sugar, phosphate) - Double helix Unit 3 – Cells 1. Microscopy a. Light microscope b. Electron microscope 2. Cell theory – all living things are made of cells… a. Prokaryotic b. eukaryotic cells 3. Cell structures a. Plasma membrane (cell membrane) b. Cytoplasm, cytosol c. Cytoskeleton d. Nucleus, nuclear envelope e. Endoplasmic reticulum (RER, SER) f. Lysosome g. Vesicles h. Vacuoles i. Ribosomes j. Mitochondria k. Peroxisome l. Cell wall (plants) m. Chloroplasts (plants) 4. Extracellular matrix a. Junctions i. Plasmodesmata

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture