Chapter 3 Concept Identifications Turn in.docx

Chapter 3 Concept Identifications Turn in.docx - Chapter 3...

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Chapter 3 Concept Identification 1. Discuss aspects of the Greek polis- pg.66-61 Polis literally means city in Greek. It can also mean citizenship. The Greeks considered the polis to be a social collectivity, not a place. In practice, the polis combined both formal institutions and informal structures that could differ widely. Most polis were organized around a social center known as the agora, where markets and important meetings were held. 2. Archaic Period military structure- pg.62-63 It was during the Archaic Period that a revolution in military tactics occurred, bringing aristocratic military dominance to an end. Able-bodied citizens began to equip themselves for battle and to train alongside one another. These citizens-soldiers became known as hoplites. In battle, hoplites stood shoulder to shoulder in a close formation called a phalanx. The weight of the entire phalanx was behind the front line. If a man Fell, the one behind him would step up to take his place. This tight formation required only one shared skill: the ability to stay together. 3. Significance of poetry- pg.65-66 The aristocracy of the Archaic Period strove to express their unique culture in newer poetic forms. The most characteristic of these is the lyric, a series of rhythmic verses sung to the music of the lyre. Because they were the focus of entertainment at gatherings, they are often politically charged, sexually explicit, or daringly subversive. One thing to note is, even though males dominated the Greek culture, the most famous lyric poet of that age was not a man. It was a woman named Sappho.
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