session 22 (ray) - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus...

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Unformatted text preview: Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus c.70AD-c.130-162AD? Son of Suetonius Laetus: equestrian, fought on the side of the emperor Otho at the 1st Battle of Bedriacum in 69AD. Probably born at Hippo Regius (Africa). Late 90's AD, probably a lawyer. 103AD, military tribunate offered, but refused. 105AD, 1st publication. 110-112AD, member of Pliny's staff at Bithynia. c.112AD-117AD, a studiis, a bibliothecis under Trajan. ab epistulis under Hadrian until dismissal in 122AD. Marcus Salvius Otho Map of Hippo Regius Modern Ancient c.120AD Works (Lost) Lives of Famous Prostitutes On Kings On Rome (Roman Manners and Customs, The Roman Year, The Roman Festivals, Roman Dress) Miscellany (On Physical Defects, On the Nature of Things, On the Nature of Living Things, On the Reckoning of Time) Offices of State On Cicero's Republic On Various Things On the Games and Circuses of the Romans On the Signs in Books Works (Extant) On Greek Games ( ' ) On the Slanderous and Insulting Phrases of the Greeks and Where They Come From ( ) On Famous Men (De Viris Illustribus: De Grammaticis et Rhetoribus, De Poetis, De Oratoribus, De Historicis, De Philosophis) The Lives of the Caesars (De Vita Caesarum) The Lives of the Caesars The Deified Julius The Deified Augustus (Jan. 27BC-Aug.14AD) Tiberius (Aug. 14AD-March 37AD) Caligula (March 37ADJan.41AD) The Deified Claudius (Jan. 41AD-Oct. 54AD) Nero (Oct. 54AD-June 68AD) Galba (June 68AD-January 69AD) Otho (January 69AD-April 69AD) Vitellius (April 69AD-Dec. 69AD) The Deified Vespasian (Dec. 69AD=June 79AD) The Lives of the Caesars cont'd. 8 Books of 12 Caesars Biography, not History: Topics that do not concern the emperor will often be omitted; grammatically, the emperor is frequently the subject of any sentence Simple style; Organized mostly by rubric (per species), not chronology (per tempora) Typical layout: Family origins, Birth, Upbringing/Youth, Accession, Synchronic treatment by rubric, Death Categories frequently treat topics of a personal/private nature rather than `historical' Frequently mined, Seldom read Objective or Evaluative? The Life of Nero Dec. 15, 37AD-June 9, 68AD Oct. 54AD-June 68AD Chapters 1-5: Family origins and ancestors Chatpters 6-8: Life to accession Chapters 9-19: The `Good' Nero 19.3: "I have brought together these acts of his, some of which are beyond criticism, while others are even deserving of no slight praise, to separate them from his shameful and criminal deeds, of which I shall now proceed to give an account." Chapters 20-38: Follies and crimes Chapters 39-50: Disasters, death, and funeral Chapters 51-56: Character P Chapter 57: Reaction to his deatheter Ustinov as Nero in Quo Vadis (1951) How a Rubric Works Arrangement Across Rubrics:"Although at first his acts of wantonness, lust, extravagance, avarice, and cruelty were gradual and secret..." (Nero 26.1) 26-27: Wantonness 28-29: Lust 30-31.3: Extravagance 31.4-32: Avarice 33-38: Cruelty Arrangement Within a Rubric: Quality:Boys-Married women-Vestal Virgin-Freedwoman-Castrated boyMom; Nero himself (Nero 28-29) Chronology: Claudius, Britannicus, Mom (Nero 33-34.4) Transitions: "At last he stripped many temples of their gifts and melted down their images of gold and silver, including those of the Penates, which however Galba soon afterwards restored (Nero 32.4, on avarice). He began his career of parricide and murder with Claudius (Nero 33.1, on cruelty)." Galba-(Nero)-Claudius How a Rubric Works cont'd. Global Arrangement: 9: Beginning of reign 10: Generosity, mercy, affability 11-13: Spectacles 14-17: Civil administration 18: Military achievement 19.1-2: Foreign tours, Alexandria & Achaia 19.3: Divisio 20-25: Public performances 26-38: Wantonness, Lust, Avarice, Cruelty 39: Natural disasters and public response 40.1: Divisio 40.2-42-50: Chronological account of uprising leading to death and funeral Christopher Biggins as Nero the ass in I, Cl di (1976) Nero the dog Augustus: 63BC-14AD 1st cent. AD (copy of 20BC original?) Augustus: 63BC-14AD 1st cent. AD (copy of 20BC original?) Claudius: 10BC-54AD With the attributes of Jupiter (Lanuvium, 42-43AD) Nero 51: He was about average height, his body spotted and smelly; his hair was light blond, his eyes blue and rather weak; his neck was too thick, his belly large, and his legs skinny. (37-68AD) c.60AD Nero 51: He was about average height, his body spotted and smelly; his hair was light blond, his eyes blue and rather weak; his neck was too thick, his belly large, and his legs skinny. (37-68AD) c.60AD Nero 51: He was about average height, his body spotted and smelly; his hair was light blond, his eyes blue and rather weak; his neck was too thick, his belly large, and his legs skinny. (37-68AD) c.60AD Nero 51: He was about average height, his body spotted and smelly; his hair was light blond, his eyes blue and rather weak; his neck was too thick, his belly large, and his legs skinny. ...
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