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Psychology 101 with Jeff Holmes Pre Made Note Cards For Chapters 14 15 16

Psychology 101 with Jeff Holmes Pre Made Note Cards For Chapters 14 15 16

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The Medical Model -thinking of disorders as illnesses -can lead to “labeling” Labeling -overlooking other symptoms Patient Role -puts them in the role of being the “sick person” Contributions of the Medical Model -stimulated research (medicine) -medical terminology (widely shared meanings: i.e.: diagnosis, etiology, prognosis Deviance -Outside of the norm -cultural issues: deviance is not Cross-culture Maladaptive Behavior -cutting, drinking heavily, drugs -these items above do not always cause personal distress. In order to be a criteria of abnormal behavior it has to cause personal distress Continuum of Normality
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-everyone acts deviant sometimes, But have to look at overall picture Prevalence of Disorders -most common disorders: -anxiety disorders -substance abuse -mood disorders (depression) Generalized Anxiety Disorder -anxiety about general things (no specific problems) -have physical symptoms Phobic Disorder -Trigger (small spaces, spiders) -irrational fear -effects entire life Panic Disorder -Intense fear, don’t know when it’s coming -Physiological feelings -Agoraphobia is common (fear of being out in public) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -thoughts (unwanted) that manifest in different activities (a compulsion) -wash hands, check doors, etc. -when differentiating this, must think about it in context
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Etiology Of Anxiety Disorders -Biology- certain blocking neurotransmitters -Learning/Conditioning-classical/operant conditioning -Cognitive Factors: -tend to over interpret things as Threatening -tend to remember threatening Situations Somatization Disorder -history of several different physical complaints -no organic cause Conversion Disorder -a psychological symptom is being converged into a physical symptom -person is not faking illness, but no function (i.e.): not able to speak because throat hurts before a big performance Hypochondirasis
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