History Since 1865 Midterm Study Stuff

History Since 1865 Midterm Study Stuff - Welfare Capitalism...

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Welfare Capitalism Definition: A social innovation where certain companies such as General Electric pledged to care for their employees giving the incentives for working hard. Built workers clean, safe factories, installed cafeterias, hired trained dieticians, formed baseball teams and glee clubs. Several firms encouraged employees to buy company stock as well as enroll in unions. Significance: Was not largely popular embracing barely 5 percent of the workforce. Often only gave benefits to skilled laborers, the hardest ones to replace. Model T Definition: The first automobile that was so affordable at $290 that almost anyone could buy one. Were all the same color and made the same way. Significance: Provided so many jobs for workers, led to the creation of the moving assembly line. Wages for Ford’s workers went up. They could use their excess to maintain a booming economy. “New” Ku Klux Klan Definition: New members who took after the older Klan in Reconstruction days, who were insecure and worried about the changes and conflicts in American society. They attributed these changes to rising immigration, “uppity women”, and African Americans who did not “recognize their place”. They only allowed native born, white, gentile American men to join the group now, whereas before any white man could join. Drew on the small-town culture of America. Members came mostly from middle and working class. Common ideals were white supremacy, chastity, fidelity and parental authority. Also fought for laissez-faire capitalism and fundamental Protestantism. When demonstrations failed to “cleanse” communities, they resorted to floggings, kidnappings, acid mutilations and murder. Significance: Gained nearly 3 million dues-paying members by the early 1920’s. Became involved in politics, electing governors, senators and local officials. In the end the Klan unraveled when David Stephenson, the Indiana leader and most powerful Midwest leader was sentenced to life in prison for rape and murder. National Origins Act (1924) Definition: Limited number of immigrants allowed entering the United States significantly. In 1924, the National Origins Act limited the cap of immigration from 350,000 to 150,000 and reduced the percent of each nationality living in the United States from 3 percent down to 2 percent. Significance: “Fixed” problem of immigration and reduced southern and eastern European immigration down to a trickle. An era of immigration came to an end. Red Scare (1919-1920) Definition: A general fear of communism after WWI. In April 1919, a plan to mail thiry six bombs to a variety of prominent Americans was uncovered. On June 2 the same year, bombs exploded in eight different cities within the same hour.
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Significance: A series of immigration anti-anarchist and sedition laws were passed and widely exercised as a means to remove undesirable elements from the country. “Palmer Raids” were initiated—mass arrests and deportations of immigrants who were suspected
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History Since 1865 Midterm Study Stuff - Welfare Capitalism...

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