What To Study.docx - What To Study For each historical...

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What To Study For each historical period in Modules 2-6, focus your studying on answering these questions: 1. What are the major themes of the period? Memorize the themes for each period and understand them thoroughly. 2. For each discipline of the humanities relevant in the period (art, architecture, music, literature, theater, philosophy, religion): a. What are the characteristics of this discipline in the period? b. How are the period’s major themes demonstrated in this discipline? c. What new elements or innovations did this period introduce in this discipline? 3. What are the major works in this period? Know authors/artists, titles, themes, techniques, and significance of each. 4. What kinds of cultural exchange took place in this period? 5. How do we see the influence of this period in today’s society and culture ?
TERMS FOUNDATIONS OF HUMANITIES THE CLASSICAL PERIOD Classicism- aesthetic attitudes and principles found in art , architecture and literature of ancient greek and rome THE RENAISSANC E PERIOD THE NEOCLASSICAL PERIOD AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT Skepticism- Greek philosophical school that maintained that human knowledge was uncertain and probability of correct morality was enough for acting in a moral fashion Rationalism- reason over senses in gaining knowledge Empiricism- all knowledge is derived from our senses THE ROMANTIC PERIOD Industrial revolution – The 19 th century transition of many countries from an agrarian economy to one dominated by machine manufacturing. Rapid advances in technology lead up to a dramatic shift of productivity in England French Revolution- putting France through radical political and social changes Revolutionary War, the newly created United States Naturalism- literary movement during the 19 th -20 th century inspired by darwinian view of nature and scientific means and approaches
THE REALIST PERIOD Scientific materialism is the philosophical view that nothing exists but the physical reality that can be seen through the natural sciences. Imperialism- policy of extending rule or empire of nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies Colonialism- political, economical and cultural domination of one country over another THEMES FOUNDATIONS OF HUMANITIES UNIVERSAL THEMES LOVE- HERO THE CLASSICAL PERIOD ancient Greek and Roman civilizations Balance- in art it means proportion. In moral philosophy it means moderation (Classical style means balance and harmony). Philosophy- Aristotle’s golden mean is a term for the desirable middle between two extremes (excess and adequacy) Architecture-Greeks invented Contrapposto- a dynamic pose wherein a man puts his weight on one foot with the dip of the shoulder balancing the rise of the hip. Another legacy is the Greek temple- (adopted and modified by Romans) has symmetry Truth- factual. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle explored the meaning of truth through reason (formation of judgment using logic).

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