Gonzalez-Umaña 1Catalina Gonzalez-Umaña Mr. Lobermann AP World History 14 October, 2016 Inventions: The Machine Gun The machine gun has gone through many different variations of the models since its origin in 1862. It has changed ownership and there have been various makers that used the idea of the first machine gun, the Gatling gun, to create better weapons. However, the one element that stayed the same between all variations, is that the gun is a weapon of mass destruction that has killed hundreds of thousands of people. The first model of the machine gun was created by the North Carolina native, Richard Jordan Gatling ("Gatling Gun."). In 1862, during the time of the American Civil War, Gatling "patented his first rapid-fire machine" (Cavendish 53). Gatling said he invented the machine in order to make war seem so horrific that no one would want to start or fight in any war ("Gatling Gun."). The gun's design had six barrels that would rotate, with cartridges automatically loading into the chamber from a drum on top of the gun (Cavendish 53). This machine was hand cranked, meaning that the cartridges would load, the barrels would index, the firing pin would hit the primer, the cartridge would then fire, and spent cartridge would be ejected simultaneously (Cavendish 53). This enabled the Gatling gun to have a rate of fire of up to 200 rounds per minute reliably, above 200 rounds the gun would malfunction more often (Cavendish 53). In order to move the Gatling gun around the battle, the guns were mounted on a "two wheeled carriage" (Cavendish 53).