MSN Nursing 633 Wk 8 Opioids assignment.docx

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Running head: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES 1 Controlled Substances and Opioids Sharon Babwah Nursing 633
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CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES 2 Abstract Many patients are given pain medication to help ease their pain for a short period. However, there are certain times that some patients tend not to follow the instructions given to them and abuse the medications and take it when not needed and exaggerate their pain to get more medication from their doctor. Unfortunately, this has been happening a lot throughout the country. When the physician catches on, the patient just goes to another doctor for the medication. The state policies on narcotics are finally catching up to the games that the patients have been playing for years. The laws are getting stricter, and the patient cannot run from doctor to doctor anymore because now the pharmacy is being linked up, so they will be able to tell if the patient has had the prescription filled somewhere else recently.
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CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES 3 Controlled Substances and Opioids A controlled substance is a drug or chemical whose manufacture or use is regulated by a government. These include illicit drugs or prescriptions that are designated as controlled drug in the UK. Opioids are a type of medicine often used to help relieve pain. They work by lowering the number of pain signals the body sends to the brain. They also change how the brain of a person who takes them responds to pain. Doctors often and mostly prescribe them to relieve pain from toothache and dental procedures, injuries, surgeries and chronic conditions such as cancer. Some prescription cough medicines also contain opioids. However, Opioids are safe when used correctly. But people who do not follow their doctor’s instructions and those who misuse opioids can become addicted. Misusing opioids means that you don’t follow the doctor’s instructions on how to take medicine. It can also mean that the drug was taken illegally. When a person has a headache which is mild or a muscle ache, an over the counter pain reliever is enough to make the person feel better. However, if the pain is more severe, the doctor might recommend something stronger, in this case, an opioid. They are usually a narcotic with serious side effects if not used correctly. Opioid drugs work by binding to opioid binders in the brain, spinal cord and other areas of the body. They reduce the sending of pain messages to the brain and reduce the feeling of pain. Mostly they are used to treat moderate to severe pain that may not respond well to other pain medications. Some opioids include generic codeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone, acetaminophen, hydromorphone, meperidine, methadone, morphine, oxycodone, oxycodone and acetaminophen and naloxone. The doctor treating a patient may recommend the use of this drugs orally. However, a patient needs to work closely with the doctor before they start taking them and to be able to get help when the need arises. A patient should ensure the doctor checks how the drug is responding
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CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES 4
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  • Spring '18
  • Dr. Sabrina White
  • Nursing, Opioids, Controlled Substances

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