1.24.08- Studying Judaism

1.24.08- Studying Judaism - Biblical Study in an Academic...

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Biblical Study in an Academic Setting - Questions of historical veracity - Bible is collection of works and sometimes these compete with or contradict one another - How do we read them historically? - Many methods in scholarship: o 1. The Documentary Hypothesis Still most prominent theory Formulated early 20 th century by German scholars who read Jewish bible in original language Genesis- 2 Kings based on oral sources, written, redacted (edited), given in final form after Babylon exile Four distinct voices: J, E, D, P (Newspaper) o J—Yahwist Oldest voice Favors Jerusalem as place where God wants to live Holy city/center ( Pro-David )- Very sympathetic to David and his descendents Calls God “Yahweh” o E—Elohist Associated with North Kingdom (after schism) called Israel (Jeroboam) ( Pro-Saul ) angry with Rehoboam Pro Bethel/Dan Should be the true holy city(ies), not Jerusalem Calls God “EL” Brought to Judah after Assyrian Invasion o D—Deuteronomist *Doesn’t mesh well with other 4 voices Book of Deuteronomy (7 th cent.) Thinks that author of Deuteronomy was
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1.24.08- Studying Judaism - Biblical Study in an Academic...

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