Responses 7.docx - Discussion Ashleigh Martin 1 The...

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Discussion : Ashleigh Martin: 1. The American family is constantly changing, as more and more people are remaining single or getting married later in life. Many adults are also divorced, living alone, or cohabitating with a partner; a concept that was once previously frowned upon. Wives are also more likely to work full-time jobs in modern society, meaning less and less women are fulfilling the once-expected role of being a stay-at-home mom. Like the dynamics of the family, functions of the family are ever-changing. Currently, family functions include regulating sexual behavior, reproduction, rearing children, and providing a primary group for individuals. 2. There are many social psychological factors that contribute to family problems. For example, single family homes have been thought of as undesirable, or less than ideal, which may cause the family to feel rejected by society. Attitudes also contribute to problems of abuse within the family, as men that abuse their children often try to justify or rationalize their behavior. Some Americans may even agree with this behavior, as a fourth of them even believe that some women want to be abused. Like attitudes, values also contribute to family problems. Many of these values revolve around monetary success, which requires long hours at work that may interfere with family life. Parents are constantly striving to be successful, which may also put a strain on the relationships within the family. Finally, there are various ideologies that cause problems in family life, such as the idea that successful, happy families are completely free from conflict. These ideas are completely unrealistic, and may actually lead to more emotional stress because of suppressed issues. 3. Physical illness and mental illness are often linked, and both have social causes. Physical illness: Chronic diseases are the major cause of death in the United States 25.6% of cardiac-related deaths were Whites 27% of malignant neoplasm deaths were Asians Lung cancer, kidney stones, and strokes are all examples of physical illnesses Mental illness: Can be broken down into the following categories: Disorders first evident in early life (mental retardation, eating disorders Organic mental disorders (alcohol-induced amnesia) Substance use disorders (alcohol or drug abuse) Schizophrenic disorders (thinking disorders that contain hallucinations and fantasies) Paranoid disorders (involve paranoia) Mood disorders (depression, bipolar) Anxiety disorders (panic disorder, phobias) Somatoform disorders (conversion of emotional into physical problems, hysteria) Dissociative disorders (multiple personalities)
Psychosexual disorders (transsexualism) Disorders of impulse control (gambling, kleptomania) Personality disorders (narcissism) Mental disorders are the leading cause of disability in the United States and Canada for people ages 15 to 44.

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