CRITICAL THINKING paper.pdf

CRITICAL THINKING paper.pdf - 1 Running head BUDDHISM VS...

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1 Running head: BUDDHISM VS. CHRISTIANITY Diversities and Comparisons among Buddhism and Christianity Isabella S. Illiano Liberty University
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2 BUDDHISM VS. CHRISTIANITY Buddhism vs. Christianity: Brief Overview Both Buddhism and Christianity are prevalent and recognized religions known all throughout the world. It is less complicated to find the diversities in these mostly dissimilar beliefs; but, surprisingly enough, various similarities can be found within these two religions that, so to speak, go hand in hand. For the sake of those who don’t know the history of Buddhism, here’s a brief overview. In 563 B.C., Siddharta Gautama was born into a wealthy family living in a castle, located in a town called Kapilavastu in northeastern India. As he grew, his father forbid him to ever leave the walls surrounding the castle, for he wished not to expose his son to the gruesome reality of the world. Once Siddharta reached the age of twenty, curiosity overcame him. He wondered the streets of the town he’d never seen; but, what he saw was not pleasant. In a matter of a couple days, he witnessed people starving, suffering, and dying on the streets. These scenes drastically remodeled his perspective of life, and he quickly made the decision to leave home and to search for a “cure” to end suffering. Years upon years went by; when one day, he stumbled upon a peaceful sight near a river. Siddharta discovered a fig tree on the edge of the land, almost touching the water. He then vowed to himself to sit under the tree, without standing once, until he obtained answers to his questions. It is unclear how long he meditated, some say a day, others assume up to forty day; but, however long it took him, he finally was able to come up with the answers he’d been looking for. Siddharta obtained enlightenment, and became the Buddha. He named his four conclusions on how to end suffering the Four Noble Truths, which marked the beginning of a brand new belief system: Buddhism. (293)
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3 BUDDHISM VS. CHRISTIANITY Question of Origin Buddhists maintain that the world was never created. In fact, they believe that earth has always existed and never had a beginning. A more detailed response would conclude that earth will never perish; but, on the contrary, earth, and everything in it, will always be in a constant phase of samsara , a cycle of repeating deaths and re-births. Buddha concluded that nothing was created by an almighty Being; on the other hand, he affirms that earth, by its very nature, has been re-created over thousands of times and will continue to evolve over and over again on its own for eternity. As a result, humans also have never originated from Something, meaning they are also part of the ceaseless cycle of samsara. According to Buddhism, a person will endure six stages during this life cycle; usually three positive lives and three negative according to one’s actions/decisions during their current life. What this concept means is that, according to the way
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