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History Finals

History Finals - History Finals Executive Order 9066...

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History Finals Executive Order 9066 Definition: It is an order that Roosevelt issued in 1942, which gave the War Department the authority it needed for its plan to evacuate Japanese Americans from the West Coast and intern them in relocation camps for the rest of the war. Significance: The announcement shocked Japanese Americans, more than two-thirds of whom were native-born American citizens. Most had to sell their property and possessions at cut-rate prices and were then rounded up in temporary assembly centers and sent by the War Relocation Authority to internment camps located in desolate areas in California, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Arkansas. Yalta Conference Definition: It is the meeting of big three who are Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in February 1945 at Yalta, a resort on the Black Sea, because Roosebelt wanted to maintain allied unity, the key to post war and stability. Significance: Three leaders proceeded with plans to divide Germany into four zones to be controlled by United State, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. The big three made further progress toward the establishment of an international organization in the form of the United Nations. They agreed that the Security Council of the United Nations would include the five major Allied powers plus six other nations elected on a rotating basis. They also decided that the permanent members of the Security Council should have veto power over decisions of the General Assembly, in which all nations would be represented. Los Alamos Definition: It is a city in New Mexico where the country's top physicists assembled the first bomb and the project, which costs two billion dollars and employed 120,000 people, for developing a new weapon, an atomic bomb, culminated in. Significance: Later on, Truman ordered the dropping of atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The unprecedented numbers of dead and wounded as a
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result of the war had created a sense of callousness on all sides, and the Truman administration did not debate the morality of using the bomb. One hundred thousand people died at Hiroshima and sixty thousand at Nagasaki; tens of thousands more died slowly of radiation poisoning. Japan offered to surrender and signed a formal treaty of surrender in 1945. Franklin Roosevelt's death and the dropping of the atomic bomb came at a critical juncture in world affairs. George Kennan Definition: George Kennan is a man who warned that the Soviet Union was embarked on an aggressive trajectory of expansionism that the United States should counter with the policy of containment. Significance: He did the most influential expression of the policy, containment. His key concepts about Soviet Union were that Soviet believe that U.S and U.S.S.R cannot coexist, are fanatical or not reasonable which means driven by ideology, experts powerful grip over people, are highly intensive to the logic of force and could be weakened via propaganda. He also thought that Western countries needed to be
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