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Historical Causation Essay Rough Draft - Google Docs.pdf

Historical Causation Essay Rough Draft - Google Docs.pdf -...

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Historical Causation and King Philip’s War Ethan Boll AP U.S. History September 7, 2016
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1 Every American school goer has heard the story of the Pilgrims. It is a tale of outcasts who journey bravely to a strange, new world. They struggle valiantly to survive in the harsh conditions of a New England winter, and they work tirelessly with their Indian neighbors to create a peaceful community. And then comes the American Revolution. Or at least, that is what our elementary school teachers taught us to believe. In reality, the struggle of the Pilgrims did not stop after their first grueling year in America. It continued through the second generation of Mayflower passengers with the onset of King Philip’s War in 1675. By this time, Indian-English relations had been 1 decaying over the past half-century to the point when war became unavoidable. The Plymouth settlers’ loss of respect for the Pokanokets was the long term cause of King Philip’s War, as evidenced by their interactions with the Pokanoket leaders: Alexander, Philip, and Annawon. While this acted as the conflict’s kindling, the event that sparked the war came in 1671 when a combined Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth Colony tribunal forced Philip to sign a treaty which required him to pay a ridiculous fine because he had threatened war. The English forced Philip to go to war because of the political, social, and economic pressures that came with the treaty. The second generation of English in Plymouth Colony did not respect the Native Americans as their forefathers had, as shown by their disrespect of the sachem, or leader, Alexander of the Pokanokets. The first generation of Pilgrims, or “Old Comers,” had worked tirelessly with the sachem Massasoit, father of Alexander, to ensure a peaceful relationship with their neighbors. Thirteen years before the start of King Philip’s War, when Alexander was sachem, the then-military commander of Plymouth Colony, Josiah Winslow, apprehended Alexander on orders from the Plymouth governor. Alexander had been illegally selling land to the English 1 Jason W. Warren, “Great Narragansett War,” Encyclopedia Britannica, July 15, 2015, September 5, 2016, https://www.britannica.com/event/King-Philips-War.
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2 colony of Rhode Island. Plymouth feared the result of Alexander’s deeds since Rhode Island was not technically allowed to exist. Plymouth governor, Thomas Prence, sent Winslow to bring Alexander to a meeting. When Winslow arrived, however, he violently apprehended the sachem,
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