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Unformatted text preview: (8 Major) Module 8 Updated Exam Due Jul 29 at 11:59pm Time Limit 50 Minutes Points 100 Questions 50 Available Jul 28 at 12am ­ Jul 29 at 11:59pm 2 days Instructions Instructions for this assessment This is a formal assessment of your knowledge based on what you have learned in this module (Module 1). There is a 50 minute time limit. You will have 35 stimulus based and 15 non­stimulus based questions. You will only have one attempt. Additionally, you will only see one questions at a time and you will not be able to go back and change answers. So please make sure you are ready to complete the test in one sitting once you begin. Additionally, you will not be able to change your answer once you move on to the next question, so answer carefully! Good Luck! Attempt History LATEST Attempt Time Score Attempt 1 50 minutes 72 out of 100 Correct answers are hidden. Score for this quiz: 72 out of 100 Submitted Jul 29 at 11:58am This attempt took 50 minutes. Incorrect Question 1 0 / 2 pts _____In the years immediately following the end of WWII, the U.S. rearmed for the “Cold War” with all of the following actions EXCEPT Congress passed the National Security Act of 1947 creating the Department of Defense. Created the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to coordinate the government’s fact finding activities. Reestablished the military draft via the Selective Service System. U.S. senate reluctantly approved U.S. membership in the United Nations. Established the “Voice of America” to beam radio programs to Soviet dominated Eastern European Nations. Question 2 2 / 2 pts _____Soviet specialist George F. Keenan framed a coherent approach for America in the Cold War by advising a policy of appeasement. limited war. containment. détente. negotiation. Question 3 2 / 2 pts _____Eisenhower’s attempts to cool the rising tensions between the Soviet Union and the U.S. experienced a serious setback in 1960 that even caused the cancellation of a “summit meeting” between western leaders and the Soviets in Paris. What was the event? An American U­2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. Bay of Pigs. The government of the Shah in Iran was overthrown by communist forces. North Korea invaded South Korea Castro came to power in Cuba as a communist leader. Question 4 2 / 2 pts _____President Truman relieved General MacArthur from command of U.N. troops in Korea when MacArthur continued to lose crucial battles. MacArthur crossed the 38th parallel and entered North Korea. MacArthur began to mock Truman for being only a captain in the army. MacArthur began to publicly advocate the use of nuclear weapons in China. the Chinese entered the Korean War after MacArthur said they would not. Question 5 2 / 2 pts _____During the late 1950’s, those that challenged conformity and materialism were called which term by their critics? Yuppies Pinkos Beatniks Hippies Drones Question 6 2 / 2 pts _____All of the following have been cited as reasons for the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 EXCEPT the need to demonstrate American superiority in weaponry to the Soviet Union force the unconditional surrender of Japan keep the Soviet Union out of the war against Japan save American lives block a planned Japanese invasion of the United States Question 7 2 / 2 pts _____The U.S. believed that it was initially desirable to have the Soviet Union participate in the projected invasion of Japan because Roosevelt believed that Stalin could help to control the communists in China. the communists would be so busy in Asia that they could commit no mischief in Europe. Soviet help could reduce the number of American casualties. without Soviet help, the Japanese could not be defeated. the Soviets could help control the Japanese communists. Question 8 2 / 2 pts _____Major domestic developments in the United States during President Eisenhower's two terms included all of the following EXCEPT a rise in the gross national product (GNP) the dismantling of New Deal welfare programs the peaking of the postwar baby boom growth in the number of white collar workers the beginning of construction of an interstate highway system Question 9 2 / 2 pts _____The National Defense Education Act of 1958 gave loans and grants to students who took classes in what field? Psychology Math and Science Humanities Foreign Language History Question 10 2 / 2 pts _____The American home front in the Second World War is best described as unaffected by ethnic and racial tensions economically invigorated by military spending demoralized by food shortages politically divided over the wisdom of the American war effort rededicated to the reform efforts of the New Deal Question 11 _____Postwar Japan was governed from the island of Formosa (Taiwan) until 1949. was destabilized by a raging civil war between nationalist and communist elements. resisted the imposition of American­style democracy. Wrote the McArthur constitution and became a democracy. was, like Germany, divided into Allied occupation zones. 2 / 2 pts Incorrect Question 12 0 / 2 pts _____Which individual threatened a 1941 March on Washington to demand equal employment opportunities for African Americans. a. Martin Luther King b. George Washington Carver Philip Randolph Booker T. Washington W.E.B. Dubois Question 13 2 / 2 pts _____Many changes were occurring in the U.S. during the 1950s. All of the following changes were underway by the end of that decade EXCEPT Americans had become a nation of homeowners with most new home construction taking place in the suburbs. Although women still thought of as homemakers, more than 40 million jobs for women were created in the three decades after 1950 with most in clerical or service function. Computers and electronic calculators were beginning to enter the business place to transform all levels of business and industry. “White collar workers” outnumbered “blue collar workers” (office jobs more common than factory jobs) Youth protested in mass on college campuses about the military draft, segregation, and other social issues. Question 14 2 / 2 pts _____The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in North Africa. Eastern Europe. the Third World. East Asia. the Middle East. Incorrect Question 15 0 / 2 pts _____Forces fighting on the Asian mainland in Korea from 1950­1953 were nominally under the control of SEATO The United States United Nations WARSAW Pact NATO Question 16 Who's that whisperin' in the trees It's two sailors and they're on leave Pipes and chains and swingin' hands Who's your daddy? Yes I am Fat cat came to play Now he can't run fast enough 2 / 2 pts You had best stay away When the pushers come to shove Zoot Suit Riot Throw back a bottle of beer Zoot Suit Riot ­ Excerpted lyrics from the song "Zoot Suit Riot" (1997) They lyrics above refer to events that took place during the Great Depression. World War II. the Roaring Twenties. the Eisenhower presidency. Incorrect Question 17 0 / 2 pts Arthur Miller has written another powerful play. "The Crucible..." Riffling back the pages of American history, he has written the drama of the witch trials and hangings in Salem in 1692. Neither Mr. Miller nor his audiences are unaware of certain similarities between the perversions of justice then and today. But Mr. Miller is not pleading a case in dramatic form. For "The Crucible," despite its current implications, is a self­contained play about a terrible period in American history. Silly accusations of witchcraft by some mischievous girls in Puritan dress gradually take possession of Salem. Before the play is over good people of pious nature and responsible temper are condemning other good people to the gallows. ­ Excerpt from Brooks Atkinson's review of one of the earliest performances of The Crucible. New York Times, Jan. 23, 1953. Where were the "witch trials" of Atkinson's time most famously taking place? Joe McCarthy's committee in the House of Representatives The Supreme Court Democratic National Committee Headquarters The House Un­American Activities Committee Question 18 2 / 2 pts ­ Wall Street Journal and Gallup research, retrieved from Wall Street Journal presidential approval tracker at ­presapp0605­31.html The black arrow most closely marks Harry Truman's energetic re­election campaign. the time of the Korean War. the news that the Soviet Union had detonated a hydrogen bomb. the victory of Mao Tse­Tung's forces over U.S.­backed Chinese nationalists. Question 19 2 / 2 pts ­ Source: Hungerford Cy, artist. "An Uncomfortable Situation." December 3, 1953. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. How many Republicans are in the cartoon? Zero Two One Question 20 2 / 2 pts ­ Source: Hungerford Cy, artist. "An Uncomfortable Situation." December 3, 1953. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. In the cartoon, who appears to be made "uncomfortable" by McCarthy? Harry Truman Dwight Eisenhower Douglas Macarthur Richard Nixon Question 21 2 / 2 pts Arthur Miller has written another powerful play. "The Crucible..." Riffling back the pages of American history, he has written the drama of the witch trials and hangings in Salem in 1692. Neither Mr. Miller nor his audiences are unaware of certain similarities between the perversions of justice then and today. But Mr. Miller is not pleading a case in dramatic form. For "The Crucible," despite its current implications, is a self­contained play about a terrible period in American history. Silly accusations of witchcraft by some mischievous girls in Puritan dress gradually take possession of Salem. Before the play is over good people of pious nature and responsible temper are condemning other good people to the gallows. ­ Excerpt from Brooks Atkinson's review of one of the earliest performances of The Crucible. New York Times, Jan. 23, 1953. What is the "perversion of justice...today" to which the critic Brooks Atkinson alludes? Unsubstantiated accusations of fascism Unsubstantiated accusations of commuism Jim Crow Denial of free speech rights on college campuses Question 22 2 / 2 pts The Chinese actions shown on the map above are partially explained by the fact that one year before, China had joined the Warsaw Pact alliance. China had completed its defeat of Japan. China had detonated its first nuclear weapon. China's civil war ended with a communist victory. Question 23 2 / 2 pts The Chinese offensive of 1950­51 can be considered a response to Douglas Macarthur's call for the use of nuclear weapons against communist targets in east Asia. U.S. support for China's enemy, Japan. Dwight Eisenhower's call for the use of nuclear weapons against communist targets in east Asia. Harry Truman's call for a UN invasion of Beijing. Question 24 2 / 2 pts ­ Quote from The Lonely Crowd (1950) by David Riesman The quote and book cover above indicate that David Riesman's work was a commentary on post­WWII economic weakness. fears of nuclear attack. conformity and alienation. racial conflict. Question 25 2 / 2 pts ­ 1959 public domain image retrieved from Wikipedia. Location omitted for test question purposes. The picture above shows what some social critics believed to be evidence of economic improvement in inner cities. a sign of conformity within post­war culture. a sign of improving race relations. the cause of decreased farm production. Incorrect Question 26 0 / 2 pts “We affirm the philosophical or religious ideal of nonviolence as the foundation of our purpose, the presupposition of our faith, and the manner of our action. Nonviolence as it grows from Judaic­Christian tradition seeks a social order of justice permeated by love. Integration of human endeavor represents the crucial first step toward such a society. Through nonviolence, courage displaces fear; love transforms hate. Acceptance dissipates prejudice; hope ends despair. Peace dominates war; faith reconciles doubt. Mutual regard cancels enmity. Justice for all overthrows injustice. The redemptive community supersedes systems of gross social immorality. Love is the central motif of nonviolence. Love is the force by which God binds man to Himself and man to man. Such love goes to the extreme; it remains loving and forgiving even in the midst of hostility. It matches the capacity of evil to inflict suffering with an even more enduring capacity to absorb evil, all the while persisting in love. By appealing to conscience and standing on the moral nature of human existence, nonviolence nurtures the atmosphere in which reconciliation and justice become actual possibilities.” ­ SNCC Statement of Purpose (1960) Which of the following is most directly reflected in the document? Those who had lived with Jim Crow for years were reluctant to challenge the system. Secular organizations were more effective against Jim Crow than religious ones. The male­female gap in the civil rights movement would severely weaken it. A community, rather than a charismatic leader, would be the driver of change. Question 27 2 / 2 pts “‘All men are created equal. They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.’ This immortal statement was made in the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America in 1776…Those are undeniable truths. Nevertheless, for more than eighty years, the French imperialists, abusing the standard of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, have violated our Fatherland and oppressed our fellow­citizens. They have acted contrary to the ideals of humanity and justice. In the field of politics, they have deprived our people of every democratic liberty. They have enforced inhuman laws…They have built more prisons than schools…In the fields of economics, they have fleeced us to the backbone, impoverished our people, and devastated our land…Not withstanding all this, our fellow­citizens have always manifested toward the French a tolerant and humane attitude. …the Vietminh League helped many Frenchmen to cross the frontier, rescued some of them from Japanese jails, and protected French lives and property…For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government, representing the whole Vietnamese people, declare that from now on we break off all relations of a colonial character with France; we repeal all the international obligation that France has so far subscribed to on behalf of Vietnam and we abolish all the special rights the French have unlawfully acquired in our Fatherland…We are convinced that the Allied nations which at Tehran and San Francisco have acknowledged the principles of self­determination and equality of nations, will not refuse to acknowledge the independence of Vietnam…For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, solemnly declare to the world that Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country…” ­ Viet Nam Declaration of Independence (1945) How does Ho Chi Minh arrive at the conclusion that independence is Viet Nam's due? By pointing out that Vichy France's subservience to the Nazis made the French undeserving of an empire By concurring with Thomas Jefferson's assertions about the fundamental rights of people to self­ determination By promising that Viet Nam would only support communism until its independence from France and China had been achieved By reminding Americans that they and the people of Viet Nam had been allies in the fight against Japan before 1945 Question 28 2 / 2 pts “We affirm the philosophical or religious ideal of nonviolence as the foundation of our purpose, the presupposition of our faith, and the manner of our action. Nonviolence as it grows from Judaic­Christian tradition seeks a social order of justice permeated by love. Integration of human endeavor represents the crucial first step toward such a society. Through nonviolence, courage displaces fear; love transforms hate. Acceptance dissipates prejudice; hope ends despair. Peace dominates war; faith reconciles doubt. Mutual regard cancels enmity. Justice for all overthrows injustice. The redemptive community supersedes systems of gross social immorality. Love is the central motif of nonviolence. Love is the force by which God binds man to Himself and man to man. Such love goes to the extreme; it remains loving and forgiving even in the midst of hostility. It matches the capacity of evil to inflict suffering with an even more enduring capacity to absorb evil, all the while persisting in love. By appealing to conscience and standing on the moral nature of human existence, nonviolence nurtures the atmosphere in which reconciliation and justice become actual possibilities.” ­ SNCC Statement of Purpose (1960) The sentiments expressed in the excerpt highlight the importance of television to the Civil Rights Movement. the influence of such black separatists as Malcolm X. the influence of Martin Luther King'score beliefs. the tensions between black activists and white liberals. Question 29 2 / 2 pts ­ Letter from Jackie Robinson to the President. Source: U.S. National Archives. Page 2 of the letter is not shown. To whom did Mr. Robinson write this letter? Harry Truman John Kennedy Richard Nixon Dwight Eisenhower Question 30 2 / 2 pts On the floor of the U.S. Senate last week, Georgia's Walter F. George read a manifesto signed by 82 Southern Representatives and 19 Southern Senators. It pledged the signers to exert "all lawful means" toward reversing the Supreme Court's desegregation decision, and it appealed to Southerners "to scrupulously refrain from disorder and lawless acts." The idea for a Southern manifesto was conceived by South Carolina's Senator Strom Thurmond, who enlisted the powerful aid of Virginia's Senator Harry Byrd. ­ Time Magazine, March. 26, 1956 One can safely assume that the "82 Southern Representatives and 19 Southern Senators" were mostly opponents of the New Deal. Republicans. Democrats. women. Question 31 You ain't nothing but a hound dog Been snoopin' 'round the door You ain't nothing but a hound dog Been snoopin' 'round my door You can wag your tail But I ain't gonna feed you no more You told me you was high class But I could see through that Yes, you told me you was high class But I could see through that And daddy I know You ain't no real cool cat You ain't nothing but a hound dog Been snoopin' 'round the door You're just an old hound dog Been snoopin' 'round my door You can wag your tail But I ain't gonna feed you no more You made me feel so blue You made me weep and moan You made me feel so blue Well you made me weep and moan 2 / 2 pts 'Cause I'm looking for a woman All your lookin' for is a home ­ "Hound Dog," recorded in 1953 by African­American blues singer Big Mama Thornton. (Songwriters: Jerry Lieber and Mike Stoller) The original version (above) of Hound Dog was not well known until a close imitation of the song was recorded by the white artist Leonard Bernstein Ed Sullivan Bill Haley Elvis Presley Question 32 2 / 2 pts Fighting soldiers from the sky; Fearless men who jump and die Men who mean just what they say; The brave men of the Green Beret (CHORUS): Silver wings upon their chest; These are men, America's best. One hundred men will test today, But only three win the Green Beret Trained to live off nature's land; Trained in combat, hand­to­hand Men who fight by night and day; Courage peak from the Green Berets (REPEAT CHORUS) Back at home a young wife waits; Her Green Beret has met his fate. He has died for those oppressed; Leaving her his last request. Put silver wings on my son's chest. Make him one of America's best. He'll be a man they'll test one day. Have him win the Green Beret. ­ "The Ballad of the Green Berets," written by Robin Moore and Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler. The song, performed by Sadler, was by many accounts the top­selling and most popular song of 1966. Along with its patriotic and militaristic content, what helps to explain the populari...
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