Chapter 11 and 12 summary.docx - Chapter 11 and 12 summary Chapter 11 Liberation African American and the Civil War explains the presidency of Lincoln

Chapter 11 and 12 summary.docx - Chapter 11 and 12 summary...

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Chapter 11 and 12 summaryChapter 11 “ Liberation: African American and the Civil War” explains the presidency of Lincoln, how African Americans were affected by it. It starts off explaining how Lincoln’s aim was to preserve the Union. He did not care about the outcome of African Americans in the United States. For most of 1861, he was determined to do nothing that would drive the remainingstates to the Confederacy side. He then made a county wide call for men to enlist in the military for 90 days of service.White men were accepted. Black men were rejected. African americans knew that the fate of the union was jointly tied to the issue of slavery and the future of slavery was tied to the outcome of the war. Due to the fact that they were being rejected they were volunteering for the military and still getting rejected, therefore, they started forming their own military companies.When the war began the slaves states liberated themselves. The Union military commanders show deeper concern for slave owners than for the people in bondage. The Union would hold slaves from the confederate state and call them contraband the enemy property. On August 6, 1861 congress clarified the status of runaway slaves when it passed the First Confiscation Act. As the year went by Lincoln remained passionate to strike decisively against slavery. He created the compensated emancipation, and after the war the slaves would be freed but forced to settle in the Caribbean, Latin America, or West Africa. But many leaders in the border states rejected the proposal.In the summer of 1862, after they rejected the compensated emancipated, Lincoln concluded that the victory of the Union would be tied directly to the issue of slavery. In July 1862, he discussed abolishing slavery. He later postponed it because of William H. Seward.Later Lincoln's policy on emancipation had shifted dramatically, but he remained committed to
colonization. On August 14, 1862, he invited many black leaders to the White House and appealed for their support for colonization. Finally on September 22,1862 he issued the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. On January 1, 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued The Emancipation Proclamation. It wasn’t the first step towards freedom, many slaves had already freed themselves. Many believed that theProclamation lacked eloquence. The Proclamation destroyed any chance that Britain or France would offer diplomatic recognition to the Confederate government. The Proclamation didn’t free slaves in bondage on January 1,1863 , but word spread rapidly across the south. Once black people were aware of the Union victory in the war meant freedom. Many believed the United

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