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Chapter 3: Revolutions in the International Cinema International Cinema after WWII:●Many movies companies were totally wiped out after WWII.●Needed to rebuildThe New Italian Cinema: ●Mussolini had completed control over cinema.-Rushed Fascists ideals-Propaganda-White Telephone films●Luchino Visconti●NeorealistsNeorealism: ●National Film Movement -Characterized by:-Stories set with working class-Filmed on location-Used non professional actor●Neorealism Directors: -Roberto Rossellini●“Roma: Citta Aperta” (Rome: Open City- 1945)●“Paisa” (1946)●“Germania, Anno Zero” (Germany, Year Zero- 1947) ●Adds the creation of realism -Vittorio De Sica●Began his career as an actor, appearing in 36 films (mostly comedy) before directing in comedy. ●In 1944, De Sica met the screenwriter, Cesare Zavattini while working on “The Children are Watching Us”. ●Creates oppressive feelings of reality ●Uses non-professional actors for the principal roles of a father and son.●“Rose Scarlatte” (Red Roses-1940) ●“Sciuscia” (Shoeshine- 1946) ●“The Bicycle Thief” (1948)●“Umberto D.” (1952) ●‘Stazione Termini” (1953)-Michaelangelo Antoni ●Was a contributor to the respected film journal “Cinema” , where his essays on the documentary genre led to the opportunity of making documentaries.