Running Head: FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE1Foundations of the Development and Functions of PoliceKaitlin FrazierProfessor GibsonLaw Enforcement Operations and Management1/28/18
Running Head: FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE2Political and Reform Eras of PolicingThe Political Era of policing was from 1840 – 1930. This era became corrupted when police officers began to take bribes and they were being used by politicians to keep their power. Politics were involved in all aspects of policing, “the mayor chooses the recruits from a list of names submitted by the members of council and tax assessors of each ward” (Nekich, Dalton). Police officers patrolled on foot and had little means of communication to each other. The violence that occurred during this era was getting progressively worse and worse, police began tocarry weapons when they were on patrol. The nightstick was the weapon of choice during the Political Era. The Reform Era of policing was from 1930 – 1980. There was a need for reform after thePolitical Era due to the corruption of the political era. The police became more professional in their minds but made citizens feel as if they were being very distant and unapproachable. Since the police were no longer patrolling on foot the citizens began to mistrust the police and began tothink of the police as harassers. The police started patrolling in the goal of patrolling in vehicles was to decrease response times for service calls (Bond, Mark). The police began to use better training and better crime-solving methods to make the police more efficient. Skills imparted at the Police AcademyEvery state and jurisdiction have different training requirements for police recruits. Law enforcement training can happen at many different locations like a community college or state institution, while other places require in-house training. Usually, the beginning of training happens in the classroom, then the cadet or police trainee will go through practical exercises and then scenarios to play out. There is no standard training program or curriculum that states should
Running Head: FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE3follow when training their recruits. “Each state has a commission on Police Officers Standard
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- Fall '11
- traditional policing, community policing strategy