psych1 - History of US Sport Psychology I. Historical...

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History of US Sport Psychology I. Historical Highlights 1. Greek Philosophers~400BC (a) Hippocrates Father of medicine First physician (b) Aristotle “the education of the body must precede that of the intellect” o 2. Early Scientists, 1830-1932 (a) Ernst Weber Professor of physiology-University of Leipzig First sports related psychology-related experiments Context-time of phrenology (study of skull bumps) Just Noticeable Differences (JNDs) o Smallest difference we can perceive between two stimuli is not an objective fixed amount, but is subjective and varies with the magnitude of the stimulus Webers Law o Ratio between a just noticeable stimulus and a standard stimulus is a constant for any sensory system o S/R = K (S = just noticeable stim, R = standard stim, K = constant) (b) George Fitz Head of anatomy, physiology, and physical training, Harvard 1 st PE lab in the US 1 st scientific paper, published in sport psychology (c) Norman Triplett Psychologist at Inidian University 1 st series of studies in sport psychology 1 st social psychology experiments Field study over professional cyclists and motor task for
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psych1 - History of US Sport Psychology I. Historical...

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