AristotleNicomacheanEthicsBK1fhpeterswithquest(1) (1).docx

AristotleNicomacheanEthicsBK1fhpeterswithquest(1) (1).docx...

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Aristotle. The Nichomachean Ethics of Aristotle , trans. F.H. Peters, M.A. 5th edition (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Truebner & Co., 1893). Public Domain - Downloaded from The Online Library of Liberty. - ethics?q=nicomachean+ethics#Aristotle_0328_1 Comments and Questions in red and in a different font added by Janice Capel Anderson. Bolding added by Anderson. Sections Omitted by Anderson. Copyright 2016-17. NOTE: Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E) grew up in Macedonia in Greece. He was a pupil of the Greek philosopher Plato in Athens. Eventually, he became a tutor to Alexander the Great and founded a school called the Lyceum. If you want to read about Aristotle’s life and an overview see Shields, Christopher, "Aristotle", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2015 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = If you want to read a secondary source about Aristotle’s ethics, please see Kraut, Richard, "Aristotle's Ethics", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2014 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = Book I 1. Every art and every kind of inquiry, and likewise every act and purpose, seems to aim at some good: and so it has been well said that the good is that at which everything aims. But a difference is observable among these aims or ends. What is aimed at is sometimes the exercise of a faculty, sometimes a certain result beyond that exercise. And where there is an end beyond the act, there the result is better than the exercise of the faculty. Now since there are many kinds of actions and many arts and sciences, it follows that there are many ends also; e.g. health is the end of medicine, ships of shipbuilding, victory of the art of war, and wealth of economy. But when several of these are subordinated to some one art or science,—as the making of bridles and other trappings to the art of horsemanship, and this in turn, along with all else that the soldier does, to the art of war, and so on, * —then the end of the master-art is always more desired than the ends of the subordinate arts, since these are pursued for its sake. And this is equally true whether the end in view be the mere exercise of a faculty or something beyond that, as in the above instances. Note: When Aristotle is talking about the exercise of a faculty, he means using a mental or physical ability/power/capability. 1
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Do you agree with Aristotle that all activities aim toward some end or goal? Think of one example and one counter-example. Do some ends/goals turn into means to other ends/goals? What example does Aristotle use to illustrate this? What example of an end turning into the means to another end can you think of?
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  • Fall '16
  • Graham Hubbs
  • Ethics , Meaning of life

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