Lecture-1.docx - EASIA204R Lecture 1 Sept 7 2017 Korean peninsula Northeast area shares borders with China Russia Population S Korea 50 million N Korea

Lecture-1.docx - EASIA204R Lecture 1 Sept 7 2017 Korean...

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EASIA204R Lecture 1 Sept 7, 2017 - Korean peninsula: Northeast area – shares borders with China & Russia - Population: S. Korea 50 million, N. Korea 24 million - GDP per capita: 27,538.81 USD (S. Korea, vs. N. Korea 1013 USD) - Physical environment: North more mountainous than south, whereas South more fertile plains because more green - Regions: have natural barriers (13 continents), 1 island – Jeju island (woman, wind, rocks) - Terrain of North Korea: baek-du mountain: holly mountain, where Tan Gun descended and established the country - South Korea Terrain: not that rugged mountains - 4 distinctive seasons - 1 st wave of migration: simple pottery - 2 nd wave of migration: geometric design - 3 rd wave of migration: painted design - Neolithic: 신석기시대 o ondol (heating floor) o Neolithic people used polished stone tools o Left shellmounds o Omaments (out of bones) o Belief system: ceremonial mask made out of shell -> chamanism o Believe in chaman to perform to promote harmony - Bronze Age (900 BCE – 400 BCE) 청동시대 o Moving away from the water, more towards slope area, thus bigger communal site that Neolithic o Bronze swords/ arrowheads, mainly engaged in warfare o Bronze age lifestyle: social stratification: Dolmen tomb: 고인돌 Brownish-red pottery Bronze daggers and mirrors o Created walled-town states and confederated kingdoms - Old Choson (2333 BCE – 108 BCE) 고조선 o Tan’gun wanggom o Combined other walled-town states, became the strongest confederated kingdom o Known to Chinese as arrogant and cruel o Use of iron farming tools further developed agriculture o Gap between the rich and the poor widened o Began to decline at the end of the 4 th century BEC due to pressure from Chinese state of Yen o

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