Psych4 - Sport and Personality I Background 1 What is...

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Sport and Personality I. Background 1. What is personality? personality refers to enduring characteristics that are important to a persons behavior relatively permanent, except trauma 2. The Study of personality is theory based: (a) Social Learning Theory (b) Trait Theory -genetically predisposed personality 3. Five Main Determinants of Personality extraversion neuroticism conscientiousness agreeableness openness 4. Measuring Personality Traits you cant manipulate personality all personality research is done by correlational research Advantages Disadvantages Observing Behavior -objective -behaviors can/do change in different environments Physiology – EEG, MRI, EMG -objective -can we really assess physiological responses to personality Report by Others -potentially unbiased -asking a third party, people can lie Self Report -you are actually asking the individual -people can lie, distort truth, or just unaware 5. Widely Used Measures of Personality Traits (a) Broad Traits: introversion, extroversion, things on a continuum -4 measures (b) Narrow Traits (3 measures) trait- typical style of behavior state- (c) Measures are ALWAYS extensions of theories 6. Two Major Broad Personality Dimensions Introversion - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Extroversion Neuroticism - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Emotional Stability 7. Eysenck’s Theory About Extroversion nonadrenergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic neurons originating in the midbrain interact with neurons in the reticular formation and project to almost every area of the brain according to Eysenck, tonic and phasic activity in these brain areas could account for individual differences in extroversion
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course KINS 4400 taught by Professor Herring during the Fall '07 term at UGA.

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Psych4 - Sport and Personality I Background 1 What is...

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