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Running head: RESEARCH PAPER
RESEARCH PAPERPre 9/11 and Post 9/11 TerrorismTerrorism throughout the World has been affecting we as a society for many years. Terrorism can be dated back to the assassination of our 15thPresident Abraham Lincoln, who wasshot and killed by a right-wing activist John Wilkes Booth on April 14th1865. (Johnston, R. Wm)There has not been a single accepted definition of terrorism however, “terrorism may be defined as violent, criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or a substantial segment of it, for political reasons.” (Poland, J. M, P. 8) Terrorism is used uses threats, use of force and violence to attain political goals. For example I am going to be comparing and contrasting two events one that took place prior to the attack on 9/11 and another after 9/11. In this comparison I will discuss the different methods that were used, different motives, intents, to what extent they would go to in order to complete the mission. Prior to 9/11 the attack on the Federal Bureau Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) building in Oklahoma City showed what weakness the United States had in security. Timothy McVeigh and an accomplice placed a Ryder moving truck outside of a Federal building packed with explosives. After 9/11 the attack in Paris at the Bataclan stadium and other areas around Paris resulted in mass shootings and suicide bombers. If you look at the complexity of each attack, you can tell a lot of thought and planning went into both, however the great lengththe attackers in Paris went to “succeed” is far greater. In the new age of terrorism society sees a lot of suicide bombers, mass shootings, and social media. Whereas pre-9/11 they were bombs, few mass shootings no social media to hype up their agenda. 2
RESEARCH PAPERThe Oklahoma City Bombing On April 19th, 1995 Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols killed 168 people and injured more than 680 others. This attack took place at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, OK. The blast was so large that it damaged upwards of 324 buildings causing an estimated $652 Million dollars worth of damage. (OMICS International, 2014, par. 1) The morning of April 19thwas just as any other day for everyone working in the area, but Timothy McVeigh had other plans. At 8:45 AM McVeigh and Nichols stopped for directions to the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms (ATF) building in which at that time he had planned on blowing up. Just shortly before arriving on site, McVeigh lite the fuses on two bombs that he had made himself and stored in the back of a rented Ryder moving truck. Upon arrival, he parked in a handicap spot just outside the building, locked the vehicle, and walked away in a hurry. At 09:02 AM his bomb detonated sending off a blast wave so large that it killed 168 innocent lives, and injuring more than 600 others. This attack was the largest case of domestic terrorism in United States history. (Linder, 2006) Timothy McVeigh, Terry Nichols, and Michael Fortier were all survivalist who disagreed with the way certain cases were handled. They were motivated by the way the Federal