Midterm Review - Know the following author's main arguments...

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Know the following author’s main arguments of the readings we had in class: Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham -race is unstable and dominant -defines race as a social construction and a myth -gender identity is linked to a racial identity -concept of race is self representation -race fractured the division of labor by gender -black women icons for sexuality -black women were silent about their situations comes from slavery -Du Bois, double consciousness -black race meant cultural and identity not biological inferiority Darlene Clark Hine -black female slaves had the least amount of power because society was ran by white males -had no protection of any kind even in motherhood -roles in black and white women differed greatly even though they were both supposed to be inferior, race made all the difference -black women were stuck within both mythos of inferiority of being a woman and being black -their bodies were both an advantage and a disadvantage. Sexual abuse and making themselves available for their gain -mammy image, just as misleading as jezebel. Idea: dedicated to the white family, in charge of domestics, friend and advisor Reality: not in complete control, mistresses sometimes raised their own and often had mistrust of them -were less likely to run away because of children -resistances: inventing schemes and excuses to work in their favor, poison, violence, feign illness -3 ways to resist sexual advancements: abstinence, abortions, infanticide -black women are strong -“women were everywhere but no where” Deborah Gray White (in both Ar’n’t I a Woman ? And Too Heavy a Load ) Wilma King -a woman historian and writer calling for a change -black women made up more than 50% of free population -black women were more likely to be free and had more opportunities -freed black woman’s freedom was not permant could be dragged back into slavery -black women owned slaves more than black men did -some black slaveholders were just as cruel as whites were to their slaves -freed women bought family members and later freed them -freed women helped harbor fugitives Leslie Schalm -during civil war, women fought even harder in worse conditions -the closness of the troops helpedd ollapse the low country -shortages and inflation changed plantation life, this was felt most by female slaves
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-slave women were demanded to do more weaving and spinning on top of their other chores -food shortages lead to many illnesses and deaths of the slaves -men were the only ones who worked in the military, very gendered -not all slaveholders wanted to volutneer their slaves for the common good of the confederates -since military was taking slave men, women were left to fight for their families -many men and women ran away and became contraband in the North -plantation owners were losing control Noralee Frankel -marriage legalized intimate relationships between blacks -freed favored legalization -laws created a common law marriage where if they lived together they did not have to marry -marriage kept them legally responsible for their families
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course HIST 312 taught by Professor Ribansizy during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Midterm Review - Know the following author's main arguments...

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