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Race First Notes - Race First Notes-Marcus Mosiah Garvey...

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Race First Notes -Marcus Mosiah Garvey 1887-1940 -born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica (3) -grew up in a pheasant environment (3) -uncle and parents were involved in sharecropping (4) -father had a library which sparked Garvey’s early interest in reading (4) -had an elementary education, private tutors and attended Sunday school (4) -the youngest foreman printer in Kingston, Jamaica (4) -in Kingston very involved in intellectual and political life (4) -in the National Club as a assistant secretaries which combated privilege and evils of British colonialism on the island (4) -1910 went to Costa Rich where he worked as a timekeeper on a United Fruit Company banana plantation (4) -wandered a lot and noticed the universal degradation of the black race (5) -loved public speaking (5) -was broke and out of a job for a while (5) -the workings of the British democracy made a lasting impression on him (5) -England enhanced his view of worldwide sufferings of black people (6) -formed the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservations Association and African Communities League (6) -was president and traveling commissioner of the organization (6) -many blacks did not join because they had not learned to appreciate their blackness after a yeard later there was about one hundred members (7) -the organization was at first largely in Kingston only (7) -went to the US and lectured. Had many influential friends such as Booker T. Washington, Ida B Wells (8) -joined the movement in Harlem (9) -created a UNIA branch in NY that was to help the Jamaican headquarters -Negro World, the most widely circulated of race papers (10) -“by 1919 Garvey was already firmly established as one of Harlem’s most important radical figures” (11) -married his secretary Amy Ashwood, lasted a year (12) -organized the First International Convention of the Negro Peoples of the World (12) -“by 1921 Garvey was unquestionably the leader of the largest organization of its type in the history of the race” (13) -The US government was against him because all black radicals are subversive. European governments were against him because he was a threat to the stability of their colonies. The communist were against him because he successfully kept black workers out of their grasp. The NAACP was against him because he argued that white segregationists were the true spokesmen for white America and because he in turn advocated black separatism (13) -black socialists criticized Garvey (14) -Britain banned the Negro World (14) -the were several UNIA branches all over the United States and the World (16) -Garvey’s ideas continued to hold sway among the black masses in America (19) -he built a mass organization that he believed would lead to the total emancipation of the race from white dominion (23) -his program was the question of race (23) -every aspect of the organization was used to bolster the blacks man’s self esteem and to foster pride in self (23) -a prolific poet of liberation (24)
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-indulged in political play writing (25) -in 1930’s focused his attention on Paul Robeson, the leading black motion picture actor of the period (26)
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