Module6StudyGuide.rtf - What Should I Know For Module 6...

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What Should I Know For Module 6 ? 6.00: 19th Century Changes- Introduction After completing the Module 6 Pre-Test, please open the Pre- test and look over the questions you missed. It is a great idea to write down all of the questions you missed so that you’re sure to add this information to your notes. 6.01: Independence and Reform -Why did the colonies in Latin America decide to fight for independence? What inspired them and what did they want to change? 1) People in Latin America were inspired by the ideas of The Enlightenment. They were spurred on by the success of The American Revolution. they admired the ideals of the French Revolution. ±hey were motivated by social inequality, economic injustice, and the desire to be Free. -How would you describe the class system in colonial Latin America? The Spanish began colonizing Latin America and the Caribbean at the very end of the 1400s. They quickly developed a rigid class system that remained unchanged into the early 1800s. The system was very strict class system, how people are treated, what rights they have, and what they can expect to do with their lives are all determined by the position in society that they are born into—who their parents are. Peninsulares: Europeans who had been born in Europe (Spain and Portugal make up the Iberian Peninsula,
which is where the word comes from). They completely controlled the governments of the colonies. Creoles: Europeans who had been born in the colonies and who owned most of the land, but they had no say in the government. They were second-class citizens, but at least they were citizens Mestizos: People of mixed European and Indian ancestry who had no political rights, and few social or economic rights Mulattos: People of mixed European and African ancestry who had no political rights, and few social or economic rights Indians: They had few, if any, rights. Free Africans: Some slaves managed to gain their freedom, but once they did, they still had few, if any, rights. Slaves: These Africans were not considered to be people. They were property. -Describe the Caribbean revolutions in the following areas: -Haiti: L'Ouverture invaded the colony and proclaimed the abolition of slavery. Spain finally regained control, but with so many problems in Spain and in the other colonies, Spanish authorities showed little interest in the colony. Haitians Themselves captured and occupied Santo Domingo, renaming it Spanish Haiti. But in 1844, a number of wealthy backers and revolutionaries declared independence from Haiti. L'Ouverture helped to rid Haiti of both British and
Spanish influence. He then set about firmly establishing his own power. This resulted in increased tensions between mulatto and black Haitians. Thus, a war that had started between classes resulted in a race war between blacks and mulattos, whites and blacks, and blacks and mulattos both against whites. L'Ouverture had issued a constitution for the colony calling for a sovereign state. This was unacceptable to

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