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Chapter 5 textbook notes:The Executive:oThe prime minister and the cabinet are not the only members of the executive oThe prime minister does not wield absolute control overCanadian politicsoExecutives today hold no more than they did in the pastThe executive: the political elites and decision-makers who preside over the direction of their respective governments oUsually the strongestof the three branches of government-Executives are the leaders who have supreme authority and responsibility for decision-making in their organizations -3 types of Government executives:oFormal Executive:comprising of the figureheads who hold ceremonial, mostly symbolic positions of authoritySupreme authority vested in the monarch (Crown) and the monarch’s representatives (the governor general and the lieutenant governors)oPolitical Executive:made of up the elected power-brokers who make the broad policy decisionsMembers of the cabinet who act on behalf of the monarch to oversee government activities and who are accountable to the legislatureoPermanent Executive: consisting of the appointed senior bureaucrats who advise the political executive and who oversee the bureaucracy as it implements those policy decisions Senior bureaucrats who transmit directives from the political executive to the bureaucracy and whomanage staff under the supervision of a minister
Bureaucracy:employees at all levels of government who, at the direction of the public service executive (ex: deputy ministers), implement public policy The Formal Executive:oFigurehead with supreme power is known as the head of stateoCanada’s head of state is the king or queen holding the position of the MonarchoQueen is merely a ceremonial position- she represents the Crowno“The executive government and authority of and over Canada is hereby declared to continue and be vested inthe Queen”oCrown and its representative, the monarch, are non-partisan symbols of all government institutions oCeremonial duties: touring, attending special events, being a patron of select charities, granting honours, andsending anniversary messages as well as words of condolenceoMonarch is symbolic head of the Canadian militaryoGovernor general carries out tasks on behalf of the monarchoGovernors are selected by the monarch on the advice ofthe Prime Minister and typically serve for a term of 4-6 yearsoGovernor’s main job is to ensure that Canada has a functioning, constitutional governmentoRoutine duties include:Symbolism of signing bills into law (thereby granting royal assent)Appointing and swearing in key government officials including the prime minister, cabinet ministers, senators, and justices of the supreme court Fulfilling more episodic duties that include reading the speech from the throne, opening and closing parliament, and signing writs of election
oAlso responsible for traditional ceremonial work, such as serving as Canada’s commander-in-chief, presenting