Pols 2300 chapter 5.docx - Chapter 5 textbook notes The Executive o The prime minister and the cabinet are not the only members of the executive o The

Pols 2300 chapter 5.docx - Chapter 5 textbook notes The...

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Chapter 5 textbook notes: The Executive: o The prime minister and the cabinet are not the only members of the executive o The prime minister does not wield absolute control over Canadian politics o Executives today hold no more than they did in the past The executive: the political elites and decision-makers who preside over the direction of their respective governments o Usually the strongest of the three branches of government - Executives are the leaders who have supreme authority and responsibility for decision-making in their organizations - 3 types of Government executives: o Formal Executive: comprising of the figureheads who hold ceremonial, mostly symbolic positions of authority Supreme authority vested in the monarch (Crown) and the monarch’s representatives (the governor general and the lieutenant governors) o Political Executive: made of up the elected power- brokers who make the broad policy decisions Members of the cabinet who act on behalf of the monarch to oversee government activities and who are accountable to the legislature o Permanent Executive: consisting of the appointed senior bureaucrats who advise the political executive and who oversee the bureaucracy as it implements those policy decisions Senior bureaucrats who transmit directives from the political executive to the bureaucracy and who manage staff under the supervision of a minister
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Bureaucracy: employees at all levels of government who, at the direction of the public service executive (ex: deputy ministers), implement public policy The Formal Executive: o Figurehead with supreme power is known as the head of state o Canada’s head of state is the king or queen holding the position of the Monarch o Queen is merely a ceremonial position- she represents the Crown o “The executive government and authority of and over Canada is hereby declared to continue and be vested in the Queen” o Crown and its representative, the monarch, are non- partisan symbols of all government institutions o Ceremonial duties: touring, attending special events, being a patron of select charities, granting honours, and sending anniversary messages as well as words of condolence o Monarch is symbolic head of the Canadian military o Governor general carries out tasks on behalf of the monarch o Governors are selected by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister and typically serve for a term of 4-6 years o Governor’s main job is to ensure that Canada has a functioning, constitutional government o Routine duties include: Symbolism of signing bills into law (thereby granting royal assent) Appointing and swearing in key government officials including the prime minister, cabinet ministers, senators, and justices of the supreme court Fulfilling more episodic duties that include reading the speech from the throne, opening and closing parliament, and signing writs of election
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o Also responsible for traditional ceremonial work, such as serving as Canada’s commander-in-chief, presenting
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