PI Test.rtf - A.P Psychology Test#3 Personality and...

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A.P. Psychology Test #3 Personality and Intelligence Name: __________________________ Date: _____________ 1.Which of the following was not mentioned in the text as a criticism of Freud's theory? A) The theory is sexist. B) It offers few testable hypotheses. C) There is no evidence of anything like an “unconscious.” D) The theory ignores the fact that human development is lifelong. 2.Id is to ego as ________ is to ________. A) reality principle; pleasure principle B) pleasure principle; reality principle C) conscious forces; unconscious forces D) conscience; “personality executive” 3.Which of the following provides the strongest evidence of the role of heredity in determining intelligence? A) The IQ scores of identical twins raised separately are more similar than those of fraternal twins raised together. B) The intelligence scores of fraternal twins are more similar than those of ordinary siblings. C) The intelligence scores of identical twins raised together are more similar than those of identical twins raised apart. D) The intelligence scores of adopted children show relatively weak correlations with scores of adoptive as well as biological parents. 4.By creating a label such as “gifted,” we begin to act as if all children are naturally divided into two categories, gifted and nongifted. This logical error is referred to as: A) rationalization. B) nominalizing. C) factor analysis. D) reification. 5.Most experts view intelligence as a person's: A) ability to perform well on intelligence tests. B) innate mental capacity. C) ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. D) diverse skills acquired throughout life. 6.Dr. Gonzalez believes that most students can be classified as “Type A” or “Type B” according to the intensities of their personalities and competitiveness. Evidently, Dr. Gonzalez is working within the ________ perspective. A) psychoanalytic B) trait C) humanistic D) social-cognitive 7.Isaiah is sober and reserved; Rashid is fun-loving and affectionate. The Eysencks would say that Isaiah ________ and Rashid ________. A) has an internal locus of control; has an external locus of control Page 1
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B) has an external locus of control; has an internal locus of control C) is an extravert; is an introvert D) is an introvert; is an extravert 8.Which of the following is the correct order of psychosexual stages proposed by Freud? A) oral; anal; phallic; latency; genital B) anal; oral; phallic; latency; genital C) oral; anal; genital; latency; phallic D) anal; oral; genital; latency; phallic 9.Before becoming attorneys, law students must pass a special licensing exam, which is an ________ test. Before entering college, high school students must take the SAT, which is an ________ test. A) achievement; aptitude B) aptitude; achievement C) achievement; achievement D) aptitude; aptitude 10.Which of the following best describes the relationship between creativity and intelligence?
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