sociology study guide for exam.docx - SOCI 1F90 Sections 01...

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SOCI 1F90 Sections 01 and 02Study Guide for Progress ExamExam date: Tuesday December 12, 2017 - 1900-2200FORMAT: 60 multiple choice (60 marks); 4 long answer/essay (40 marks); bonus questions (5 marks)Study the following material for the multiple choice, long answer, and bonus question components of the exam: Meritocracy:Ch 7, Pg. 167-A system of rewards based on personal attributes and demonstrated abilities.-A society in which resources are distributed fairly\reinforces the ideological assumption that people achieve what they deserve.Example; tests and assignments measure my grade, not my appearance or physical abilities. Principles of Ethical Research: Ch 4, Pg. 113-Statements about right and wrong. -Polices are in place to guide researcher’s actions during all phases of a research project. -4 challenges; 1. Difficult to maintain confidentiality.2. Research relationship is exploitative3. Difficult to get informed consent over time4. Public vs. Private Settings. Examples of unethical research:Informed consent: Main principals of ethical research; Ch 4, Pg. 113.-Voluntary participation: potential risks outlined.Respect for others- this is upheld in current research in informed consent.Participants in a research study must understand his/her obligation the risks or harms thatthey may be faced as a result of participation, benefits, his/her rights; therefore, they must agree to participation, after full understanding of the study.Ethical Guidelines- Intend to ensure that researchers will balance the risk.University Ethics Committees: Ch4, -In the university setting, researchers are subject to the scrutiny of a research ethics board (R.E.B.)or committee that vets all research enterprises of faculty, staff and students. Anyone wishing to conduct research must receive clearance from their institutions regulatory body. -Each university has an Research Ethics Board (R.E.B) -Researchers can apply for ethics clearance BEFORE they can begin the research study. REB ensures researchers follow ethical standards set by the federal government. Ethical research with animals:Secrecy Surrounding Animals Research-Secrecy hides abuses of animal subjects and regulatory legislation.-Animal research has contributed to human understanding and well-being.-Their suffering isn’t considered a legitimate cost.-Notion that animals are lesser beings than humans underpins their treatment.-Research ethics has yet to content with the human/non-human animal hierarchy. 1
Social construction of gender: -A social system specific to society-Its’s a social construction not a biological construction-Organizes relations between women and men, including their relative social value-Not a “thing” one can haveGender is not a property. -Gender performance -Doing, not being-Constantly performing activities and appropriate definition of masculinity-Gender as convincing achievement-A form of drag-If gender is a performed accomplishment, it’s not natural and can and does change. Lily Myers- shrinking women-Social institutions are gendered-

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