L20a - Lesson 20 Pattern 1: V e , V e Pattern 2: negative...

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Unformatted text preview: Lesson 20 Pattern 1: V e , V e Pattern 2: negative past action Pattern 3: V + Duration Time + e +O Pattern 4: e ( e ) V 1. V e V e (Object) e H ~ T H ~ T x ,V e to start V-ing V H~ to continue V-ing H ~ T x 1: V e (Obj) e e h {T ? x 1: V e (Obj) e e ~ xT ? x 1: V e (Obj) e e ( zT ? x 1: V e , V e (to continue V-ing) e h T ( T x ? x 1: V e e C { T 8 { T 8 { T ,V e * ? 1: V e e X T X T ,V e * * ? 1: V e e x z T x z T x z T ,V e * * ? (Dialogue) A: I haven't exercised for two years. What exercise do I do? B: Suggest an exercise. Say why. A: Too much trouble x ... x B: Then you go on fatting. (... e ) 2. Negative past action S TimePeriod e Verb e Haven't Verbed for TimePeriod e { T e e 2: S TimePeriod e e e ? ( | T ? H ? ? e e Verb e 2: S TimePeriod e 0 x T e e ? ? ? x x? Verb e 2: S TimePeriod e h | T ? ( |T x ? Verb e 2: S TimePeriod e C _ ? ? x ? P Verb e (Dialogue) A: recently my belly is getting bigger and bigger. B: you eat too much, and also no exercise. How long haven't you exercised? A: haven't exercised for two years. B: Of course you're getting fatter. 3 e V + Duration Time + e + O There are two ways to express the meaning of "doing or having done something for a period of time. 1) S VO V + Duration time. D " cd 2 e S V Duration e O D c " d 3: V + Duration Time + e + O ~ ? ? xe ? 3: V + Duration Time + e + O H Y ? ? ? x ? ? ? ? 3: V + Duration Time + e + O h \ x ? p ( Dialogue) A: How many hours do you read Chinese book each day? B: read 1 hr. A: I haven't read Chinese book for a long time. 4. Passive Voice Object e ( e ) Verb-Complement X Must have some complement 4: Obj e V-Comp C^ e C^ x 4: Obj e V-Comp Dz T e Dz T x 4: Obj o z T e z T e V-Comp x x 4: Obj o X e X X V-Comp x x ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course CHIN 203 taught by Professor Zhou during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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L20a - Lesson 20 Pattern 1: V e , V e Pattern 2: negative...

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