Indonesia_Lecture

Indonesia_Lecture - Indonesia: Background Colonialism,...

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Indonesia: Background olonialism Nationalism Colonialism, Nationalism and the New Order
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Indonesia - Geography
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Population (c. 2003) opulation: 41 0% under 15 years Population: ~241 m. ~30% under 15 years ~5% over 64 years Population growth rate: about 1.5% Life expectancy: men - 67 years; women - 72 years Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official) local dialectsand languages (e.g. Javanese) utch English Dutch, English
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Indonesia - Ethnicity 26% vanese 44% Javanese Sundanese Madurese 8% Coastal Malay Other 4% 14%
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Indonesia - Religions (%) 3 2 11 5 uslim Muslim Protestant Catholic Hindu Buddhist Other 88
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Literacy Rates Compared 100 80 60 40 20 0 Men Women
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Background - History Prior to 1500 : the spread of Islam. While Islam had been common amongst minority groups (e.g. amongst traders in Sumatra), it was not until rulers began to adopt Islam that larger numbers of the population began to accept the religion. 1509 : Portuguese traders take Malacca. Many Muslim merchants oved to Aceh. Aceh becomes the first major Islamic power in moved to Aceh. Aceh becomes the first major Islamic power in insular SE Asia. 1602 : the private Dutch East India Company (VOC) established to xploit trading opportunities throughout the region exploit trading opportunities throughout the region. 1699 : coffee cultivation introduced by the VOC. 740 anti- hinese riots;up to 10 000 killed and Chinese quarter 1740 : anti Chinese riots;up to 10,000 killed and Chinese quarter burned. 1798 : The VOC declared bankrupt. The Dutch government takes over the VOC. The new Netherlands Indies government made responsible to the Dutch government (unlike VOC).
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History (continued) 1808 : First government-appointed Governor-General of the East Indies. To introduce a colonial form of government, subordinating local kings, sultans, etc. Some are made employees of the Dutch administration. 830 870 ‘Cultivation System’ introduced Forces peasants to 1830-1870 : Cultivation System introduced. Forces peasants to grow cash crops for export in what were their rice fields, and to deliver, via middlemen (often Chinese) to the government. 1914 : Indonesian Communist Party (later, PKI) established. 1926 : Communist strikes and opposition; revolt in Banten, Batavia, Bandung, Padang – unsuccessful. Revolts in Sumatra in early 1927 also unsuccessful. Dutch use these revolts as an excuse to arrest non-communist nationalists.
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Nationalists emerge 927 Sukarno founds Nationalist Party of Indonesia 1927 : Sukarno founds Nationalist Party of Indonesia (PNI). Establishes national anthem, flag and language. Dutch reject all calls for autonomy.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course ASIA 460 taught by Professor Hewison during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Indonesia_Lecture - Indonesia: Background Colonialism,...

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