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Genetics, Systematics and Evolution

Genetics, Systematics and Evolution - Term Definition...

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Term: Gregor Mendel Definition: father of plant genetics Term: Abott Napp Definition: a passionate philosopher, set the stage by setting up a garden and a herbarium at the Augustinian monastery at Brno, Czech Republic Term: Garden Pea genetics Definition: diversity (used 34 distinct varieties), Because self-pollinating, bred true, seven pairs of characteristics, Carefully conducted crosses using hand pollination Term: Pollination of Garden Pea Definition: 1. Remove stamens from purple flower; 2. Transfer pollen from stamens of white flower to carpel of purple flower Term: seven pairs of characteristics of garden peas Definition: Stem length, pod shape/color, Seed shape/color, Flower position/color
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Term: monohybrid crosses produced Definition: dominant phenotype in the F1 generation; In the F2 generation, it was close to a 3:1 ratio Term: incomplete dominance Definition: the appearance in a heterozygote of a trait that is intermediate between either of the trait's homozygous phenotypes Term: Beyond Mendelian genetics Definition: multiple alleles, linkage, transgenic techniques Term: Arabidopsis thaliana Definition: first flowering plant genome sequenced, plant model for genetics, with 25,000 genes (same as human), 100 genes nearly identical to human genes, including genes implicated in cystic fibrosis and breast cancer
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Term: Examples of organisms whose genome that has been sequenced Definition: Rice, Black Cottonwood, Yeast, Roundworm, Fruit fly, Mouse, Human Term: Black Cottonwood Definition: largest hardwood native to western North America Weighs in at 45,555 genes, including >90 genes for wood synthesis (e.g. lignin) Term: Carolus Linnaeus Definition: Developed the binomial system of nomenclature Used a single descriptive adjective that would unequivocally demark a particular
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