Sociology

Sociology - Term Definition alienation a state of being in...

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Term: alienation Definition: a state of being in which human life is dominated by the forces of it's inventions Term: bureaucracy Definition: an organization that strives to use the most efficient means to a achieve a valued goal Term: externality cost Definition: hidden cost of using, making, or disposing of a product that are not figured into the price of the product or paid for by the producer Term: oligarchy Definition: Rule by the few, or the concentration of decision-making power in the hands of a few people who hold the top positions in hierarchy Term: secondary groups Definition: impersonal associations among people who interact for a specific purpose
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Term: trained incapacity Definition: The inability, because of limited training to respond to new or unusual circumstances or to recognize when official rules or procedures are outmoded or no longer applicable Term: prophetic religeons Definition: religeons in which the sacred revolves around items that symbolize significant historical events or around lives, teachings, and writings of great people Term: rituals Definition: rules that govern how people must behave in the presence of the sacred to achieve an acceptable state of being Term: sacred Definition: a domain experience that includes everything regarded as extraordinary and that inspires in believers deep and absorbing sentiments of awe,respect,mystery, and reserence
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Term: civil religion Definition: set of beliefs about a nations pas, present, and future and a corresponding set of rituals Term: cults Definition: very small, loosely organized groups, usually founded by a charmismatic keader who attracts people by virtue Term: ecclesia- Definition: professionally trained religious
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