Global History II

Global History II - Term Definition Triple Alliance...

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Term: Triple Alliance Definition: Alliance between Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy. Caused by Bismarck ultimately wanting to isolate their French rivals. 1882 Term: Entente Cordiale Definition: Treaty of friendship between Britain and France to combat the German threat even though Britain and France were not friends. 1904 Term: Anglo-Russian Entente Definition: Treaty that brought Britain and Russia together in order to combat the Germans. 1907. Term: Triple Entente Definition: Name given to the alliance created after Anglo-Russian Entente of 1907 between Britain, France, and Russia
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Term: Franz Ferdinand Definition: Archduke of Austria-Hungary that was assassinated in June 1914 by a Serbian terrorist and led to the start of WWI. Caused Austria to declare war on Serbia. Term: World War I Definition: War lasted between 1914-1918 that involved most of the war. Total war because it involved every aspect of national societies. Term: Battle of the Marne Definition: Infamous battle in 1914 that really set the tone for the war with trench warfare. Term: Verdun Definition: Germans tried to take this over but both French and Germans had large losses. 1916
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Term: Shandong Peninsula Definition: Japanese took over this region to crush German influence in 1914. Led to Japanese influence growing in China and Japanese started taking over islands in Germany. Term: Gallipoli Definition: British landed here in hopes of taking the Ottomans out of the war quickly in 1915. This didn't happen because the British messed up. Term: Mohandas Gandhi Definition: Backed the British efforts dring WWI and hoped that it would give India independence from Britain. Gandhi led an anti-colonialist movement in 1919 when there was a giant massacre in India. He formed the Indian National Congress and got the support of the Muslim population of India. Term: Balfour Declaration Definition: British promised the Palestinians that they would have a Jewish territory after the war. 1917
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Term: Total War Definition: War that involves every aspect of national societies. Citizens were all encouraged to help in any way possible and civil liberties were often restricted. Term: Lusitania Definition: British cruise liner that was torpedoed in 1915 by the Germans. Contributed to the US entering WWI.
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