Chapter 18 Immigration and Urban Society_1

Chapter 18 Immigration and Urban Society_1 - Term...

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Term: "Undesirables" Definition: Immigrants who failed screening tests given by nativists who viewed them as useless for not passing these tests. Such immigrants included convicts, paupers, and the mentally incompetent. Term: Alexander Graham Bell/The Bell System Definition: A switchboard that controlled all American telephone service and hired white young women to work as telephone operators so as to make that experience of using a telephone less irritating. Term: Carlisle Indian Industrial School Definition: Reformation attemps to provide industrial education to Native Americans and African-Americans. Term: John Singer Sargent Definition: Portraitist accustomed to traditional academic style.
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Term: Immigration Restriction League Definition: Founded by five Harvard alumni shortly after the membership of the American Protective Association reached its peak. The group made proposals to use literacy tests and other tests to distinguish the "desirable" immigrants from the "undesirable" ones. Term: Salvation Army Definition: Began operating in 1879 and concentrated more on religious revival than relieving the impoverished. Term: Jacob Riis/"How the Other Half Lives" Definition: A Danish immigrant and New York newspaper reporter who described harsh tenement life in his famous book. Term: Thomas Edison Definition: Along with others, this man created technology in the 1880's for the development of the motion picture.
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Term: William M. Tweed/Tammany Hall Definition: A corrupt city boss who used public projects funds that paid kickbacks to his own organization in the 1860's and 1870's. His corruption caused him to spend time in jail. Term: John Sloan Definition: Portrayed the dreariness of American urban slums in his paintings.
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