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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 - Term Definition gender the characteristics of...

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Term: gender Definition: the characteristics of people as females or males Term: gender identity Definition: involves a sense of one's own gender, including knowledge, understanding, and acceptance of being male or female Term: gender role Definition: a set of expectations that prescribe how females or males should think, act, or feel Term: gender-typing Definition: acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role
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Term: estorgens Definition: a class of sex hormones- an important one of which is estradiol- that primarily influences the development of female sex characteristics and helps regulate the menstrual cycle Term: androgens Definition: s class of sex hormones - an important one of which is testosterone, that primarily promotes the development of male genitals and secondary sex characteristics Term: social role theory Definition: eagly's theory that psychological gender differences are caused by the contrasting social roles of women and men Term: psychoanalytic theory of gender Definition: theory that stems from freud's view that preschool children develop a sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent, then at 5 or 6 years of age renounce the attraction because of anxious feelings, subsequently identifying the same-sex parent and unconsciously adopting the same-sex parent's characteristics
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Term: social cognitive theory of gender Definition: the idea that children's gender development occurs through observation and imitation of gender behavior, as well as through the rewards and punishments children
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