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Congratulation

Congratulation - Term Definition aristocracy a class of...

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Term: aristocracy Definition: a class of hereditary nobility in medieval Europe; a warrior class who shared a distinctive lifestyle based on the institution of knighthood, although there were social divisions within the group based on extremes of wealth. Term: fief Definition: a landed estate granted to a vassal in exchange for military services. Term: manor Definition: an agricultural estate operated by a lord and worked by peasants who performed labor services and paid various rents and fees to the lord in exchange for protection and sustenance. Term: monogamy Definition: marriage to one person; promoted by the church in the Early Middle Ages.
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Term: serfs Definition: agricultural laborers bound to the land during the Middle Ages; required to provide labor, to pay rents, and submit to their lord's jurisdiction. Term: vassal Definition: a person granted a fief, or landed estate, in exchange for providing military services to the lord and fulfilling certain other obligations such as appearing at the lord's court when summoned and making a payment on the knighting of the lord's eldest son. Term: bourgeoisie Definition: burghers; merchants and artisans who resided in the walled cities of the High Middle Ages. Term: chivalry Definition: the ideal of civilized behavior that emerged among the nobility in the eleventh and twelfth centuries under the influence of the church; a code of ethics knights were expected to uphold.
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Term: commune Definition: in medieval Europe, an association of townspeople bound together by a sworn oath for the purpose of obtaining basic liberties from the lord of the territory in which the town was located; also, the self-governing town after receiving its liberties. Term: guild Definition: an association of people with common interests and concerns, especially people working in the same craft. In medieval Europe, guilds came to control much of the production process and to restrict entry into various trades.
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