Chapter 7

Chapter 7 - Term Definition encoding the process by which...

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Term: encoding Definition: the process by which information gets into memory Term: automaticity Definition: the ability to process information with little or no effort Term: strategy construction Definition: creation of new procedures for processing information Term: metacognition Definition: cognition about cognition, knowing about knowing Term: attention Definition: focusing of mental resources
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Term: selective attention Definition: concentrating on more than one activity at the same time Term: sustained attention Definition: the ability to maintain attention to a selected stimulus for a prolonged period of time Term: executive attention Definition: cognitive process involving action planning, allocating attention to goals, error detection and compensation, monitoring progress on tasks, and dealing with novel or difficult circumstances Term: joint attention Definition: focus by individuals on the same object or event; requires an ability to track another's behavior, one individual to direct another's attention, and reciprocal interaction
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Term: memory Definition: retention of information over time Term: schema theory Definition: theory stating that people mold memories to fit information that already exists in their minds Term: schemas Definition: mental frameworks that organize concepts and information Term: implicit memory Definition: memory without conscious recollection - memory of skills and routine procedures that are performed automatically Term: explicit memory Definition: conscious memory of facts and experiences
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Term: long-term memory Definition: a relatively permanent and unlimited
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